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Group Fumagalli - Genetics and Conservation Biology.

As the size of animal and plant populations decreases due to human impacts, inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity reduces reproductive fitness and the ability to adapt to environmental changes. Conservation genetics applies molecular biology techniques to the conservation and management of threatened species and populations. The ways in which genetics is used to minimize extinction risks include resolution of taxonomic ambiguities, definition of management units within species, minimization of inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity by translocation and captive breeding, detection of hybridizations, definition of sites for reintroduction, use of genetic analyses in forensics, understanding aspects of species biology important for conservation.

Laboratory for Conservation Biology

The Laboratory for Conservation Biology (LCB) is a specialized unit of the DEE. It is structured to incorporate a network of researchers working in fundamental and applied science, favouring a multidisciplinary approach of conservation biology. In addition to research projects combining molecular ecology tools and concepts with long-term studies of field ecology, the services of the LCB are also intended for environmental organisations concerned with the management and conservation of biodiversity, such as governmental agencies, NGO organisations, private entities, forensic and custom agencies, academic institutions.

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Research projects in Conservation Genetics Ongoing projects include:
  • Population genetics and ecology of the Alpine salamander Salamandra atra in the Swiss Alps (Véronique Helfer)
  • Adaptive genetic variation within barn owl Tyto alba populations (Reto Burri)
  • Genetic structure, mating system and inbreeding depression in disjunct populations of the adder Vipera berus (Sylvain Ursenbacher)
  • Extent and distribution of genetic variation over time in European wolf (Canis lupus) inferred from mtDNA analysis of museum samples (LF)
  • Other ongoing projects concern for example species as diverse as the asp viper Vipera aspis, the European treefrog Hyla arborea, the Western green lizard Lacerta bilineata, the viperine snake Natrix maura, the water chestnut Trapa natans.
Applied projects in Conservation Genetics
  • Species/genetic lineage determination and individual identity/sex assignment of biological samples (hair, faeces) attributed to the wolf (Canis lupus) in the Swiss Alps
  • Hybridization and introgression of brown trout Salmo trutta populations by domestic strains
  • Resolution of fragmented population structures
  • DNA sex determination/paternity analysis in bird species
  • Identification of animal and plant species from biological samples involved in poaching and illicit traffic
  • Taxonomic assessment
  • DNA identification and genotyping of animal samples in human forensic issues

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Media

Article Source
2014
Le loup Canal 9 - Le Journal, 28.10.2014
Au musée, dans la fabrique de la science  (652 Ko) Le Temps, 30.09.2014
Le loup des Charbonnieres.pdf  (673 Ko) 24 Heures, 26.03.2014
2013
Bientôt un chacal au pied du Jura.pdf  (614 Ko) 24 Heures, 13.08.2013
2012
Contes et legendes de l'ADN ancien.pdf  (1512 Ko) Le temps, 01.12.2012
Crottes RTS1, Impatience, 13.04.2012
Histoire de crottes.pdf  (1074 Ko) Le Temps, 04.04.2012
2011
Quand le chien redevient loup, fable alpine.pdf  (1146 Ko) Le Temps, 11.06.2011
L'ADN du loup passé à la loupe.pdf  (1593 Ko) Le Nouvelliste, 14.03.2011
2010
Le loup abattu en Valais...pdf  (4013 Ko) 24 Heures - 31.08.10
Auf Spurensuche in der Wildnis.pdf  (1061 Ko) Tages-Anzeiger, 21.08.2010
Les premiers bébés loups.pdf  (1108 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche - 13.06.10
2009
La bête a égorgé avec frénésie.pdf  (904 Ko) Le Matin, 04.08.2009
Le loup fait son retour en Gruyère.pdf  (308 Ko) Le Temps - 28.03.09
2008
Traces d'animaux RSR1, Impatience, 01.12.08
Fichier ADN pour chiens.pdf  (2056 Ko) Le matin Dimanche, 05.10.08
Le retour des grands prédateurs, un film de C.Ungar. Société Ecran/Canal 9 productions, 2008.
Les mystères de l'UNIL '08 RSR1, Impatience, 30.05.2008
2007
Des loups italiens peuvent traverser la Suisse Incognito...  (317 Ko) Allez savoir! n°40. Decembre 2007
Mammouths et ADN RSR1, Impatience, 10.10.2007
Un loup, l'ADN a parlé Téléjournal Canal 9, 16.07.2007
Des rainettes inattendues au bord du lac.pdf  (997 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche, 01.04.2007
Poissard jusqu'au bout.pdf  (14873 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche, 17.02.2007
2006
En genes et en os.pdf  (1996 Ko) Terre et Nature, 02.11.2006
Combien de loups en Suisse?.pdf  (2004 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche, 22.10.2006
24 Heures, 10.10.2006
Les dessous d'un tir suspect.pdf  (1007 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche, 29.10.2006
2005
Le piège ADN à braconniers  (325 Ko) Le Matin Dimanche, 09.10.2005
Animal Muséum, un film de Marie Fering et Philippe Poirier Dora Productions, 2005
Du nouveau chez les vipères europeennes  (530 Ko)
2004
Nach einem Beute-Riss hinterlassen Raubtiere Erbgutspuren am Tatort  (14897 Ko) NZZ, 03.10.2004
Vivre sans hâte  (745 Ko) WWF Magazine, 04.2004
Quand les biologistes se muent en detectives  (1462 Ko) 24 Heures, 03.2004
2003
Après le loup, la louve revient dans les alpes Allez savoir! n°25. Fevrier 2003
2002
Allez savoir! n°24. Octobre 2002
La bête qui tue les moutons trahie par son ADN  (514 Ko) 24 heures, 15.08.2002
Un loup rôde encore en valais  (1027 Ko) L'Hebdo, 24.01.2002
2001
CITES World  (63 Ko) CITES, 07.2001
L'UNIL à la pointe du progrès  (1563 Ko) 24 Heures, 17.04.2001
Un laboratoire au chevet des espèces  (75 Ko) Allez savoir! n°19. fevrier 2001
L'autoroute à loups qui mène tout droit en Suisse L'Hebdo, 11 janvier 2001
2000
L'Institut d'Ecologie de l'UNIL innove  (1249 Ko) 24 Heures, 03.2000
1999
Un biologiste démasque les loups en pistant leurs crottes  (866 Ko) Le Temps, 07.1999

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In press |  2014 |  2013 |  2012 |  2011 |  2010 |  2009 |  2008 |  2007 |  2006 |  2005 |  2004 |  2003 |  2002 |  2000 |  1999 |  1998 |  1997 |  1996 |  1994 |  1991 |  Thèses (doctorat) | 
 

In Press
Stoffel C., Dufresnes C., Okello J., Noirard C., Joly P., Nyakaana S., Muwanika V., Alcala N., Vuilleumier S., Siegismund H. et al., In Press. Genetic consequences of population expansions and contractions in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) since the Late Pleistocene. Molecular Ecology .
Wilkins L. G. E., Rogivue A., Fumagalli L., Wedekind C., In Press. Declining diversity of egg-associated bacteria during development of naturally spawned whitefish embryos (Coregonus spp.). Aquatic Sciences .
2014
Burri R., Promerová M., Goebel J., Fumagalli L., 2014. PCR-based isolation of multigene families: lessons from the avian MHC class IIB. Molecular Ecology Resources 14(4) pp. 778-788. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Vogel P., Vogel V., Fumagalli L., Kadjo B., Kouadio R.Y., Dubey S., 2014. Genetic identity of the critically endangered Wimmer's shrew Crocidura wimmeri. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111(1) pp. 224-229. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
2013
Gaigher A., Launey S., Lasne E., Besnard A.L., Evanno G., 2013. Characterization of thirteen microsatellite markers in river and brook lampreys (Lampetra fluviatilis and L-planeri). Conservation Genetics Resources 5(1) pp. 141-143. [DOI] [Web of Science]
2012
Brelsford A., Collin H., Perrin N., Fumagalli L., 2012. Nonspecific PCR amplification by high-fidelity polymerases: implications for next-generation sequencing of AFLP markers. Molecular Ecology Resources 12(1) pp. 123-127. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Christe P., Glaizot O., Strepparava N., Devevey G., Fumagalli L., 2012. Twofold cost of reproduction: an increase in parental effort leads to higher malarial parasitaemia and to a decrease in resistance to oxidative stress. Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 279(1731) pp. 1142-1149. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Dreiss A.N., Antoniazza S., Burri R., Fumagalli L., Sonnay C., Frey C., Goudet J., Roulin A., 2012. Local adaptation and matching habitat choice in female barn owls with respect to melanic coloration. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(1) pp. 103-114. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Glaizot O., Fumagalli L., Iritano K., Lalubin F., Van Rooyen J., Christe P., 2012. High prevalence and lineage diversity of avian malaria in wild populations of great tits (Parus major) and mosquitoes (Culex pipiens). PLoS One 7(4) pp. e34964. [DOI] [Pubmed]
2011
Emaresi G., Pellet J., Dubey S., Hirzel A.H., Fumagalli L., 2011. Landscape genetics of the Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris) inferred from a strip-based approach. Conservation Genetics 12(1) pp. 41-50. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
Fumagalli L., 02-2011. Identification des traces de grands prédateurs par des techniques de biologie moléculaire. Présentation orale pour un colloque du Centre Universitaire Romand de Médecine Légale (CURML), Lausanne, 23 février 2011.
Meunier J., Figueiredo Pinto S., Burri R., Roulin A., 2011. Eumelanin-based coloration and fitness parameters in birds: a meta-analysis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(4) pp. 559-567. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
Roulin A., Burri R., Antoniazza S., 2011. Owl melanin-based plumage redness is more frequent near than away from the equator: implications on the effect of climate change on biodiversity. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102(3) pp. 573-582. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
2010
Antoniazza S., Burri R., Fumagalli L., Goudet J., Roulin A., 2010. Local adaptation maintains clinal variation in melanin-based coloration of European barn owls (Tyto alba). Evolution 64(7) pp. 1944-1954. [embargo unspecified] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Burri R., Salamin N., Studer R.A., Roulin A., Fumagalli L., 2010. Adaptive divergence of ancient gene duplicates in the avian MHC class II beta. Molecular Biology and Evolution 27(10) pp. 2360-2374. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Collin H., Meistertzheim A.L., David E., Moraga D., Boutet I., 2010. Response of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, Thunberg 1793, to pesticide exposure under experimental conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology 213(23) pp. 4010-4017. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Pavey S.A., Collin H., Nosil P., Rogers S.M., 2010. The role of gene expression in ecological speciation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1206 pp. 110-129. [Document] [DOI] [Pubmed]
2009
Dubey S., Ursenbacher S., Pellet J., Fumagalli L., 2009. Genetic differentiation in two European tree frog (Hyla arborea) metapopulations in contrasted landscapes of Western Switzerland. Amphibia-Reptilia 30(1) pp. 127-133. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
Fumagalli L., Jan Cabrita C., Castella V., 2009. Simultaneous identification of multiple mammalian species from mixed forensic samples based on mtDNA control region length polymorphism. Forensic Science International : Genetics Supplement Series 2(1) pp. 302-303. [DOI]
Pun K.M., Albrecht C., Castella V., Fumagalli L., 2009. Species identification in mammals from mixed biological samples based on mitochondrial DNA control region length polymorphism. Electrophoresis 30(6) pp. 1008-1014. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Ursenbacher S., Erny C., Fumagalli L., 2009. Male reproductive success and multiple paternity in wild, low-density populations of the adder (Vipera berus). Journal of Heredity 100(3) pp. 365-370. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2008
Burri R., Antoniazza S., Siverio F., Klein A., Roulin A., Fumagalli L., 2008. Isolation and characterization of 21 microsatellite markers in the barn owl (Tyto alba). Molecular Ecology Resources 8(5) pp. 977-979. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Burri R., Hirzel Hélène N., Salamin N., Roulin A., Fumagalli L., 2008. Evolutionary patterns of MHC class II B in owls and their implications for the understanding of avian MHC evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25(6) pp. 1180-1191. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Burri R., Niculita-Hirzel Hélène, Roulin A., Fumagalli L., 2008. Isolation and characterization of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II B genes in the Barn owl (Aves: Tyto alba). Immunogenetics 60(9) pp. 543-550. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Fumagalli L., 2008. Identification génétique de l'espèce. pp. 13-25 in Marchesi P., Blant M., Capt S. (eds.) Mammifères de Suisse : Clés de détermination. Fauna helvetica 21. CSCF & SSBF, Neuchâtel.
Sachot S., Fumagalli L., Mollet P., 2008. Das Auerhuhn im Jura: Qualität des Lebensraum, Demographie, Habitatwahl und nicht-invasive genetische Untersuchungen. Der Ornithologische Beobachter 105(1) pp. 97-106.
Ursenbacher S., Schweiger S., Tomovic L., Crnobrnja-Isailovic J., Fumagalli L., Mayer W., 2008. Molecular phylogeography of the nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes, Linnaeus (1758)): evidence for high genetic diversity and multiple refugia in the Balkan peninsula. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46(3) pp. 1116-1128. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2007
Broquet T., Berset-Braendli L., Emaresi G., Fumagalli L., 2007. Buccal swabs allow efficient and reliable microsatellite genotyping in amphibians. Conservation Genetics 8(2) pp. 509-511. [DOI] [Web of Science]
Fabbri E., Miquel C., Lucchini V., Santini A., Caniglia R., Duchamp C., Weber J. M., Lequette B., Marucco F., Boitani L. et al., 2007. From the Apennines to the Alps: colonization genetics of the naturally expanding Italian wolf (Canis lupus) population. Molecular Ecology 16(8) pp. 1661-1671. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2006
Dubey S., Ursenbacher S., Fumagalli L., 2006. Origine des populations de rainette verte (Hyla spp.) de l'ouest de la Suisse. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 113(4) pp. 879-887. [Document] [Web of Science]
Heg D. Bergmüller R. Bonfils D. Otti O. Bachar Z. Burri R. Heckel G. Taborsky M., 2006. Cichlids do not adjust reproductive skew to the availability of independent breeding options. Behavioral Ecology 17 pp. 419-429. [url editor site] [Web of Science]
Py I., Ducrest A. L., Duvoisin N., Fumagalli L., Roulin A., 2006. Ultraviolet reflectance in a melanin-based plumage trait is heritable. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8(3) pp. 483-491. [Web of Science]
Regnaut S., Christe P., Chapuisat M., Fumagalli L., 2006. Genotyping faeces reveals facultative kin association on capercaillie's leks. Conservation Genetics 7(5) pp. 665-674. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science]
Ursenbacher S., Carlsson M., Helfer V., Tegelström H., Fumagalli L., 2006. Phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia of the adder (Vipera berus) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Ecology 15(11) pp. 3425-3437. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Ursenbacher S., Conelli A., Golay P., Monney J. C., Zuffi M. A., Thiery G., Durand T., Fumagalli L., 2006. Phylogeography of the asp viper (Vipera aspis) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data: evidence for multiple Mediterranean refugial areas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(2) pp. 546-552. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2005
Evanno G., Regnaut S., Goudet J., 2005. Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Molecular Ecology 14(8) pp. 2611-2620. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Heckel G., Burri R., Fink S., Desmet J.F., Excoffier L., 2005. Genetic structure and colonization processes in European populations of the common vole, Microtus arvalis. Evolution 59(10) pp. 2231-2242. [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2004
Corradi N., Hijri M., Fumagalli L., Sanders I.R., 2004. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota) harbour ancient fungal tubulin genes that resemble those of the chytrids (Chytridiomycota). Fungal Genetics and Biology 41(11) pp. 1037-1045. [Document] [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Koch A.M., Kuhn G., Fontanillas P., Fumagalli L., Goudet J., Sanders I.R., 2004. High genetic variability and low local diversity in a population of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(8) pp. 2369-2374. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
2003
Stewart D. T., McPherson M., Robichaud J., Fumagalli L., 2003. Are there two species of Pygmy Shrews (Sorex)? Revisiting the question using DNA sequence data. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117(1) pp. 82-88. [Web of Science]
Valiere N., Fumagalli L., Gielly L., Miquel C., Lequette B., Poulle M. L., Weber J. M., Arlettaz R., Taberlet P., 2003. Long-distance wolf recolonization of France and Switzerland inferred from non-invasive genetic sampling over a period of 10 years. Animal Conservation 6(1) pp. 83-92. [DOI] [Web of Science]
2002
Brünner H., Lugon-Moulin N., Balloux F., Fumagalli L., Hausser J., 2002. A taxonomical re-evaluation of the Valais chromosome race of the common shrew Sorex araneus (Insectivora: Soricidae). Acta Theriologica 47(3) pp. 245-275. [Web of Science]
Fumagalli L., Snoj A., Jesensek D., Balloux F., Jug T., Duron O., Brossier F., Crivelli A.J., Berrebi P., 2002. Extreme genetic differentiation among the remnant populations of marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) in Slovenia. Molecular Ecology 11(12) pp. 2711-2716. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Stewart D.T., Perry N. D., Fumagalli L., 2002. The maritime shrew, Sorex maritimensis (Insectivora : Soricidae): a newly recognized Canadian endemic. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80(1) pp. 94-99. [DOI] [Web of Science]
2000
Prapunpoj P., Richardson S.J., Fumagalli L., Schreiber G., 2000. The evolution of the thyroid hormone distributor protein transthyretin in the order insectivora, class mammalia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17(8) pp. 1199-1209. [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
1999
Fumagalli L., Taberlet P., Stewart D.T., Gielly L., Hausser J., Vogel P., 1999. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of Sorex shrews (Soricidae: insectivora) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11(2) pp. 222-235. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
1998
Balloux F., Ecoffey E., Fumagalli L., Goudet J., Wyttenbach A., Hausser J., 1998. Microsatellite conservation, polymorphism, and GC content in shrews of the genus Sorex (Insectivora, Mammalia). Molecular Biology and Evolution 15(4) pp. 473-475. [Document] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Hausser J., Fumagalli L., Taberlet P., 1998. Mitochondrial DNA evolution in shrews. pp. 295-308 in Wojcik J. M., Wolsan M. (eds.) The Evolution of Shrews. Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bialowieza, Poland.
Taberlet P., Fumagalli L., Wust Saucy A.G., Cosson J.F., 1998. Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe. Molecular Ecology 7(4) pp. 453-464. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
1997
Fumagalli L., Pope L.C., Taberlet P., Moritz C., 1997. Versatile primers for the amplification of the mitochondrial DNA control region in marsupials. Molecular Ecology 6(12) pp. 1199-1201. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
1996
Fumagalli L., Hausser J., Taberlet P., Gielly L., Stewart D. T., 1996. Phylogenetic structures of the Holarctic Sorex araneus group and its relationships with S-samniticus, as inferred from mtDNA sequences. Hereditas 125(2-3) pp. 191-199. [DOI] [Web of Science]
Fumagalli L., Taberlet P., Favre L., Hausser J., 1996. Origin and evolution of homologous repeated sequences in the mitochondrial DNA control region of shrews. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13(1) pp. 31-46. [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
Ruedi M., Fumagalli L., 1996. Genetic structure of Gymnures (genus Hylomys; Erinaceidae) on continental islands of Southeast Asia: Historical effects of fragmentation. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 34(3) pp. 153-162. [DOI] [Web of Science]
Taberlet P., Fumagalli L., 1996. Owl pellets as a source of DNA for genetic studies of small mammals. Molecular Ecology 5(2) pp. 301-305. [DOI] [Web of Science] [Pubmed]
1994
1991
Taberlet P., Fumagalli L., Hausser J., 1991. mtDNA comparison of the Alpine chromosomal races and species of the Sorex araneus group: preliminary results. pp. 107-118 in Hausser J. (eds.) The cytogenetics of the Sorex araneus group and related topics. Mémoires de la Société Vaudoise de Sciences Naturelles 19(1). SVSN, Lausanne.
Phd thesis
Wilkins L. G. E., 11-2014. Diversity of salmonid eggs and their bacterial symbionts: genetic and environmental effects. 343 p., Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine, Wedekind, C. (dir.).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Luca Fumagalli
Office room: 3123.1
Phone: +41(0)21 692 41 72
Fax: +41(0)21 692 41 65
luca.fumagalli[@]unil.ch

Administrative assistant
Office room: 3109
Phone: +41 21 692 4160
Fax: +41 21 692 4165
lena.kolecek[@]unil.ch

Biophore - CH-1015 Lausanne  - Switzerland  -  Tel. +41 21 692 41 60  -  Fax +41 21 692 41 65
Swiss University