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Bibliography (International)

Selected Bibliography (chronological)

Bibliography on Hate Crimes (by INHS): http://www.internationalhatestudies.com/topic/anti-lgbt-hate-crime/


  • Langford, Malcolm, Revisiting Joslin v. New Zealand: Same-Sex Marriage in Polarised Times (February 7, 2017). E. Brems and E. Desmet, Integrated Human Rights in Practice: Rewriting Human Rights Decisions (Edward Elgar, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2912904
  • Ziegler, Andreas R. / Kuffer, Julie, Orientation sexuelle et identité de genre des mineurs en droit international , in: Hernandez-Truyol, Berta Esperanza / Virzo, Roberto (eds.), Orientamento sessuale, identità di genere e tutela dei minori (Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napoli, 2017), 77-106. [serval:BIB_5DAE7C6D0467]





  • Amnesty International Europe, The state decides who I am: lack of legal recognition for transgender people in Europe (February 2014). Verfügbar unter: www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR01/001/2014/en
  • Gallo, Daniele; Paladini, Luca; Pustorino, Pietro (eds.), Same-Sex Couples before National, Supranational and International Jurisdictions (Springer, Berlin, 2014).


  • Stuart Davies, New Approaches to Same-Sex Marriage, the end of nationality as a connecting factor? in: Family law and culture in Europe : developments, challenges and opportunities (edited by Katharina Boele-Woelki, Nina Dethloff, Werner Gephart), Intersentia 2014, 263-276.

  • Gonzalez-Salzberg, Damian A. "The Accepted Transsexual and the Absent Transgender: A Queer Reading of the Regulation of Sex/Gender by the European Court of Human Rights." American University International Law Review 29 no. 4 (2014): 797-829.

  •  Kirby, ‘Sexuality and International Law: The New Dimension’ (2014) European Human Rights Law Review 350.

  • Dorota Pudzianowska and Krzysztof Smiszek (supervised and edited by Christa Tobler), Combating sexual orientation discrimination in the European Union (2014).

  • Jens M. Scherpe (ed.), The Legal Status of Transsexual and Transgender Persons (Intersentia, 2014).



  • Amnesty International. Making Love a Crime: Criminalization of Same-Sex Conduct in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2013. Verfügbar unter: www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR01/001/2013/en
  • Bedi, Sonu: Beyond race, sex, and sexual orientation. - Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013

  • Lennox, Corinne / Waites, Matthew (eds.), Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in The Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change (SAS, on-line publication, 2013).

  • Marchetti, Ximena Gauché, Sexualidad Diversa y Discriminación. Una mirada desde el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos (Editorial Académica Española, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co., Saarbrücken, Alemania, 2013, ISBN; 978-3-8465-6043-3)

  • Spijkerboer, Thomas [ed.]: Fleeing homophobia. - London [u.a.] : Routledge, 2013

  • Wiemann, Rebekka M.: Sexuelle Orientierung im Völker- und Europarecht. - Berlin : BWV, Berliner Wiss.-Verl., 2013.

  • Stuart Davies, Same-Sex Couples and the EU proposals for Matrimonial Property Regimes was published in [2013] CFLQ 19.

  • Constantin, Cojocariu, Moving Beyond Goodwin: A Fresh Assessment of the European Court of Human Rights’ Transgender Rights Jurisprudence, Interights Bulletin 17.3, October 2013.

  • Dunne, Peter ‘Rethinking Legal Gender Recognition: Recent Reforms in Denmark, Argentina and the Netherlands’ (2015) 1 International Family Law 41ff.



  • Agius, Silvan & Tobler, Christa, Trans and intersex people -Discrimination on the grounds of sex, gender identity and gender expression (European Commission, European Network of Legal Experts in the non-discrimination field, Supervised by Migration Policy Group, 2012).

  • Goodman, Ryan: Asylum and the concealment of sexual orientation. - In: New York University: New York University journal of international law & politics, 44(2012), 2, S. 407-446.

  • Johnson, Paul, Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights (London, Routledge 2012).

  • Leigh, Vanessa / Altan, Levent / Long, Jordan, Towards an EU roadmap for equality on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES POLICY DEPARTMENT C: CITIZENS' RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS - CIVIL LIBERTIES, JUSTICE AND HOME AFFAIRS,  European Parliament, Brussels, 2012.

  • Mulder, Jule: Some more equal than others?. - In: Maastricht journal of European and comparative law, 19(2012), 4, S. 505-523.

  • Titze, Annegret: Sexuelle Orientierung und die Zumutung der Diskretion. - In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik, 32(2012), 4, S. 93-102
  • WAALDIJK KEES, Same-sex partnership, international protection. In: The Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Law, Oxford 2012, p. 1125-1133.
  • Waaldijk, Cornelis, The right to relate: On the importance of “orientation” in comparative sexual orientation law, (2012, available at: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/19612).
  • WALKER KRISTEN, Transsexuals and transgenders, international protection. In: The Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Law, Oxford 2012, p. 1056-1059.

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Born free and equal (New York and Geneva : United Nations, 2012).

  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Guidelines on International Protection No. 9: Claims to Refugee Status based on Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity within the context of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or its 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, 23 October 2012, HCR/GIP/12/01, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/50348afc2.html



  • Agence des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne, Manuel de droit européen en matière de non-discrimination, Luxembourg, Office des publications de l'Union européenne, 2011.

  • Agentur der Europäischen Union für Grundrechte, Handbuch zum europäischen Antidiskriminierungsrecht, Luxemburg, Amt für Veröffentlichungen der Europäischen Union, 2011.

  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Homophobia, Transphobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States, Vienna 2011.

  • BJORGE EIRIK, Sexuality Rights under the European Convention on Human Rights. In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights, vol. 29(2011), Nrs 2-3, p.158-183.

  • BULL  Henrik, Free Movement of Persons and the recognition of Foreign Marriages, in: Werner Meng / Gregor Ress / Torsten Stein (eds.), Europäische Integration und Globalisierung (Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2011), 51-66.

  • Commissioner for Human Rights (Council of Europe), Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Europe (Background Document), Strasbourg, October 2011.

  • International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Justice: A Comparative Law Casebook, Geneva 2011, available online.

  • Conseil de l'Europe, Combattre la discrimination fondée sur l'orientation sexuelle ou l'identité de genre : les normes du Conseil de l'Europe (Council of Europe, Combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity - Council of Europe standards), Strasbourg, Editions du Conseil de l'Europe, 2011.

  • Council of Europe, Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Europe, Strasbourg, Council of Europe Publishing, 2nd edn. 2011.

  • COPUR EYLEM, Die Diskriminierung aufgrund von sexueller Orientierung. In: AJP. – Zürich. - Jg. 20(2011), Nr. 11, S. 1436-1444.

  • HIRSCHFELD-EDDY-STIFTUNG, Yogyakarta Plus – Menschenrechte für Lesben, Schwule, Bisexuelle, Transgender und Intersexuelle in der internationalen Praxis, Berlin 2011.

  • HUSSON-ROCHCONGAR CÉLINE, The protection of transsexual’s rights by the European Court of Human Rights: A true breakthrough or a new risk? In: Equality and Justice : Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the XXI Century, Udine, Forum, 2011, p. 177-190.

  • Jackie Jones et al. (eds.), Gender, Sexualities and Law (Routledge Chapman & Hall, London, 2011).

  • JANSEN S, SPIJKERBOER T., Fleeing Homophobia. Asylum Claims related to sexual orientation and gender identirtty  in Europe. COC Nederland, Free University Amsterdam; 2011. online at:

  • JOHNSON PAUL, Homosexuality, freedom of assembly and the margin of appreciation doctrine of the European Court of Human Rights : Alekseyev v Russia. In: Human Rights Law Review, vol. 11, Nr. 3 (2011), p. [578]-593.

  • LALOR KAY, Constituting sexuality : rights, politics and power in the gay rights movement. In: The International Journal of Human Rights; vol. 15 (2011), Nr. 5, p. 683-699.

  • MARKS SUZANNE, Global recognition of human rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. In: Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups and Human Rights, Cheltenham [etc.], Elgar 2011, p. 287-296.

  • MCDONALD IAIN, When hate is not enough: tackling homophobic violence. In: Gender, Sexualities and Law, New York, Routledge 2011, p. 148-160.

  • KOHLER Christian, Vom MArkt zum Menschen: Das internationale Familienrecht der Europäischen Union nach dem Vertrag von Lissabon in: Werner Meng / Gregor Ress / Torsten Stein (eds.), Europäische Integration und Globalisierung (Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2011) 309-326.

  • PINTENS Walter, Die Commission on European Family Law (CEFL) - ein Beitrag zur Europäisierung des Privatrechts, in: Werner Meng / Gregor Ress / Torsten Stein (eds.), Europäische Integration und Globalisierung (Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2011) 359-374.

  • Richter, Dagmar: Rechtspersönlichkeit und Geschlechterrolle. - In: Der Mensch als Person und Rechtsperson, (2011), S. 171-202

  • SACKSOFSKY UTE, Grundrechtlicher Schutz für Transsexuelle in Deutschland und Europa. In : Grundrechte und Solidarität : Durchsetzung und Verfahren. In: Festschrift für Renate Jaeger,  Kehl am Rhein,  Engel, 2011, S. 675-701.

  • Luca Trappolin, Alessandro Gasparini and Robert Wintemute (eds.), Confronting Homophobia in Europe - Social and Legal Perspectives (Hart Publ., Oxford, 2011).

  • United Nations, General Assembly. Discriminatory laws and practices and acts of violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity. 2011. Verfügbar unter: www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/19session/A.HRC.19.41_en.pdf

  • WAELE HENRI DE/VLEUTEN, ANNA VAN DER, Judicial activism in the European Court of Justice : the case of LGBT rights. In: Journal of International Law and Practice, vol. 19 (2011), Nr. 3, p. 639-666.

  • Wakolbinger, Doris: Was heißt denn hier normal?. - Wien ; Graz : NWV, Neuer Wiss. Verl., 2011

  • ZIEGLER ANDREAS R., LGBT Rights and economic migration: will the liberalization of the movement of persons in economic integration agreements increase the need for common regional standards regarding civil status rights? In: Equality and Justice : Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the XXI Century, Udine, Forum, 2011, p. 219-240.

  • Lauri Sivonen, "Gender Identity Discrimination in European Judicial Discourse", The Equal Rights Review. vol. 7, 2011, 11-26.


  • BHAGWAT, ASHUTOSH A., The myth of rights (Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press, 2010).

  • BREMS EVA, Should rights shape societies and their values, or should societal values shape rights ? : An examination of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. In: Constitutional Topography: Values and Constitutions, The Hague, Eleven International Publishing 2010, p. [143]-168.

  • BROWN DAVID, Making room for sexual orientation and gender identity in international human rights Law : an introduction to the Yogyakarta principles. In: Michigan Journal of International Law; vol. 31 (2010), Nr. 4, p. 821-879.

  • CHAN, PHIL C.W. (ed.), Protection of Sexual Minorities since Stonewall - Progress and Stalemate in Developed and Developing Countries (Routledge, London, 2010). (392 pages)

  • CHOI VENICE, Living Discreetly : a Catch 22 in refugee status determinations on the basis of sexual orientation. In: Brooklyn Journal of International Law, vol. 36 (2010), Nr. 1, p. 241-263.

  • Anne-Marie Mooney Cotter, Ask No Questions: An International Legal Analysis on Sexual Orientation Discrimination (Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2010).

  • Council of Europe, Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity (31 March 2010). Verfügbar unter:

  • European Union, General Secretariat of the Council, Promoting the Enjoyment of all Human Rights by Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Tranasgender People, Br

  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Country Thematic Studies on Homophobia, Transphobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity – 2010 update, Vienna 2010.

  • HAMMARBERG THOMAS, Menschenrechte und Geschlechtsidentität, Berlin 2010.

  • LAVIOLETTE NICOLE, UNHCR Guidance note on refugee claims relating to sexual orientation and gender identity : a critical commentary. In: International Journal of Refugee Law, vol. 22 (2010), Nr. 2, p. 173-208.

  • Harding, Rosie, Regulating Sexuality (Hart Publishing, Oxfrod, 2010).

  • LEE MAN YEE KAREN, Equality, Dignity, and Same-Sex Marriage : a Rights Disagreement in Democratic Societies, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2010, 264 p.

  • MECARY CAROLINE, L'intérêt de l'enfant en matière d'adoption et les droits de l'adoptant (arrêt E.B. du 22 janvier 2008). In : La France et la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme : la jurisprudence en 2008. Présentation, commentaires et débats, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2010, p. [167]-175.

  • MOONEY COTTER ANNE-MARIE , Ask no Questions : an International Legal Analysis on Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Burlington, VT [etc.] 2010, Ashgate, 310 p

  • NUSSBAUM, MARTHA CRAVEN, From disgust to humanity (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2010).

  • O'FLAHERTY MICHAEL, Sexual orientation and gender identity. In: International Human Rights Law, Oxford [etc.], Oxford University Press 2010, p. 331-344.

  • PICHERAL CAROLINE, Droit de revendiquer ouvertement son homosexualité et de promouvoir le respect envers les minorités sexuelle (Obs. sous CEDH, 21 oct. 2010, Alekseyev c. Russie, n° 4916/07, 25924/08 et 14599/09). In : La Semaine juridique : édition générale (JCP), 84e année, Nos 45-46 (8 nov. 2010), p. 2122.

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), Leitlinien zu Anträgen auf Anerkennung der Flüchtlingseigenschaft gestützt auf sexuelle Orientierung und geschlechtliche Identität, Genf November 2008 (deutsche Übersetzung: UNHVR-Vertretung für Deutschland und Österreich, April 2009).
  • WAITES, MATTHEW, Human rights, sexual orientation and the generation of childhoods, in: International journal of human rights, 14(2010), 6, pp. 971-993.

  • WATTIER ISABELLE, Le double seuil d'âge de validité du consentement sexuel : un choix de politique pénale. In: Revue de droit pénal et de criminologie, vol. 90 (2010), No 3, p. 230-265.

  • WILETS, JAMES D. From Divergence to Convergence? A Comparative and International Law Analysis of LGBTI Rights in the Context of Race and Post-Colonialism (2010, http://works.bepress.com/james_wilets/2).

  • YECIES, SHARON, Sexual orientation, discrimination, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in: Chicago journal of international law, 11.2011 (2010), 2, pp. 789-812.



  • AMAR, VIKRAM [ed.], Global perspectives on constitutional law (New York, NY, Oxford Univ. Press, 2009).

  • BROMLEY MARK/WALKER KRISTEN, The stories of Dudgeon and Toonen : personal struggles to legalize sexual identities. In: Human Rights Advocacy Stories, New York, Thomson/Foundation Press 2009, p. 83-115.

  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II - The Social Situation, Vienna 2009.

  • GOODALL, KAY, Challenging hate speech. in: International journal of human rights, 13 (2009) 2/3, pp. 211-232.

  • HEINZE, ERIC, Cumulative Jurisprudence and Hate Speech: Sexual Orientation and Analogies to Disability, Age, and Obesity, in:  Ivan Hare and James Weinstein (eds.), Extreme Speech and Democracy (OUP, 2009).

  • HEINZE ERIC, Cumulative jurisprudence and hate speech : the example of sexual minorities and hate speech. In: The International Journal of Human Rights, vol. 13 (2009), Nrs 2-3, p. 193-209.

  • KANSTROOM DANIEL, Peticiones de asilo basadas en cuestiones de sexualidad : algunas respuestas y muchas preguntas. In: Anuario de Derechos Humanos; vol. 5 (2009), p. 111-121.

  • MAHON CLAIRE, Sexual orientation, gender identity and the right to health. In: Realizing the Right to Health, Zürich, Rüffer & Rub 2009, p. 235-248.

  • MALDOON TIMOTHY, Sexual orientation discrimination: a necessary and emerging area of United Nations concern. In: International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms — Essays in Honour of Jakob Th. Möller, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2009, p. [429]-438.

  • MILLBANK, JENNI: From discretion to disbelief, in: International journal of human rights, 13(2009), 2/3, pp. 391-414.

  • NARRAIN, ARVIND [ed.], The right that dares to speak its name (Bangalore, Alternative Law Forum, 2009).

  • SMITH DARA, Home is were the heart is : sexual orientation discrimination and the right to adequate housing in international law. In: The George Washington International Law Review; vol. 40 (2009), Nr. 4, p. 1343-1374.

  • STEWART, Chuck (ed.),The Greenwood encyclopedia of LGBT issues worldwide (Santa Barbara, Calif., Greenwood Press, 2009) 3 volumes.

  • SWIEBEL JOKE/VEUR, DENNIS VAN DER, Hate crimes against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons and the policy response of international governmental Organisations. In: Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, vol. 27 (2009), No. 4, p. 485-524.

  • TAMALE SYLVIA, A human rights impact assessment of the anti-homosexuality bill. In: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, vol. 15 (2009), Nr. 2, p. 509-519.

  • Dreger AD & Herndon A, Progress and Politics in the Intersex Rights Movement:Feminist Theory in Action. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies. 15(2):2009, 199-224.


  • HIRSCHFELD-EDDY-STIFTUNG, Die Yogyakarta-Prinzipien, Berlin 2008.

  • HOTTELIER MICHEL, Couples de concubins et adoption : une avancée jurisprudentielle originale. In: Jusletter, 6. Octobre 2008.

  • JAGGI MATTHIAS, EGMR-Entscheid zum Adoptionsgesuch einer homosexuellen Frau : Auswirkungen auf die Schweiz. In: Jusletter, 17. März 2008.

  • NOLAN, JOEL M., Chipping at the iceberg, in: New England law review, 42 (2007/08) 1, pp. 109-154.

  • Michael O’Flaherty and John Fisher, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and International Human Rights Law: Contextualising the Yogyakarta Principles, Human Rights Law Review 2008 8(2):207-248.

  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNHCR Guidance Note on Refugee Claims Relating to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, 21 November 2008, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48abd5660.html

  • ZANGHELLINI, ALEARDO, To what extent does the ICCPR support procreation and parenting by lesbians and gay men? In: Melbourne Journal of International Law, vol. 9 (2008), Nr. 1, p. 125-150. 


  • DUBOS OLIVIER (Ed.), Sexe, sexualité et droits européens : enjeux politiques et scientifiques des libertés individuelles, Paris, Pedone 2007, 156 p.

  • DUDEK SONJA, HARNISCH RICHARD , HAAG RUPERT, HANENKAMP KERSTIN, KÖRNER CLAUDIA (Ethnologin), DE LA MOTTE-SHERMANN COLIN (Hrsg.), Das Recht, anders zu sein - Menschenrechtsverletzungen an Lesben, Schwulen und Transgender, Quer Verlag, 2007.

  • FITZPATRICK BARRY, The "Mainstreaming" of Sexual Orientation into European Equality Law. In: Equality Law in an Enlarged European Union : Understanding the Article 13 Directives, Cambridge [etc.], Cambridge University Press 2007, p. 313-343.

  • International Commission of Jurists, Sexual orientation and gender identity in human rights law (Geneva, International Commission of Jurists, 2007).

  • LAMARCHE MARI, Les homosexuels devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme. In: Sexe, sexualité et droits européens : enjeux politiques et scientifiques des libertés individuelles, Paris, Pedone 2007, p. 45-54.

  • LANG JACK/BORRILLO DANIEL, Homosexuels : quels droits ?, Paris, Dalloz 2007, 112 p.

  • MURRAY, RACHEL, Towards non-discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, in: Human rights quarterly, 29(2007), 1, pp. 86-111.

  • RENCHON JEAN-LOUIS, La liberté sexuelle n'a-t-elle plus d'autre limite que la liberté sexuelle ? A propos de l'arrêt K.A. et A.D. c. Belgique du 17 février 2005 de la C.E.D.H. In : En hommage à Francis Delpérée, itinéraires d'un constitutionnaliste, Bruxelles, Bruylant; Paris, LGDJ; 2007, p. [1309]-1320.

  • Richter, Dagmar, Die Wiederentdeckung des "Dritten Geschlechts"- Homosexualität im Völker- und Europarecht, in: Zimmermann, Andreas  / Giegerich, Thomas (eds.), Gender und Internationales Recht (Duncker & Humblot GmbH, 2007).

  • RISHWORTH, PAUL, Changing times, changing minds, changing laws, in: International journal of human rights, 11 (2007) 1/2, pp. 85-107.

  • WOODMAN, SHAUN: Treaty bodies have dealt with sexual orientation as it relates to discrimination and the enjoyment of human rights, in: Polish legal journal, 12(2007), 2, pp. 185-200.



  • LAFFERTY, LORRAINE P., Religion, sexual orientation and the state, in: The Canadian bar review, 85 (2006) ,pp. 287-316.

  • LARRALDE JEAN-MANUEL, L'article 8 de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme et la protection de l'identité sexuelle. In: Rev.trim.dr.h. 2006, p. 35–54

  • LAU, HOLNING, Transcending the individualist paradigm in sexual orientation antidiscrimination law, in: California law review, 94 (2006) 4, pp. 1271-1322.

  • LEROUX, JOLANDI, Adjudicating sexual orientation within a constitutional framework, in: African journal of international and comparative law, 14 (2006) 1, pp. 120-133.

  • Marks, Suzanne M., Global recognition of human rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, in: Health and human rights, 2006, Vol.9(1), pp.33-42.

  • WAALDIJK KEES/BONINI-BARALDI MATTEO, Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the European Union: National Laws and the Employment Equality Directive, The Hague 2006.

  • WEYEMBERGH ANNE/CÂRSTOCEA SÎNZIANA (Hrsg.), The Gays' and Lesbians' Rights in an Enlarged European Union, Brussel 2006.

  • ZIEGLER ANDREAS R., Les notions de la famille et du mariage dans la pratique du juge européen. In: Piotet Denis/Tappy Denis (Eds), L'arbre de la méthode et ses fruits civils, Recueil de travaux en l'honneur du Professeur Suzette Sandoz, Genève [etc.], 2006, p. 333–344


  • CARE, GREGORY, Something old, something new, something borrowed, something long overdue, in: University of Baltimore law review, 35 (2005) 1, pp. 73-132.

  • CURRY-SUMNER IAN, All's Well that Ends Registered? The Substantive and Private International Law Aspects of Non-Marital Registered Relationships in Europe. A Comparison of the Laws of Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, Antwerpen/Oxford 2005.

  • CHAN, PHIL C. W., The lack of sexual orientation anti-discrimination legislation in Hong Kong, in: International journal of human rights, 9 (2005) 1, pp. 69-106.

  • FEINDEL, ALYCIA T., Reconciling sexual orientation, in: Journal of international law, 13 (2005) 1/2,pp. 197-225.

  • LANDAU, JOSEPH, "Soft immutability" and "imputed gay identity", in: The Fordham urban law journal, 32 (2005) 2,pp. 237-289.

  • LESTER; TONI P., Queering the office, in:UMKC law review, 73 (2005) 3, pp. 643-680.

  • SMITH, JEREMY B.:,The flaws of rational basis with bite, in:Fordham law review, 73 (2005) 6, pp. 2769-2814.

  • SUDRE FRÉDÉRIC (Ed.), Le droit au respect de la vie privée au sens de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme, Bruxelles 2005.

  • WEINTEIN, BRAD S., A right with no remedy, in: Cornell law review, 90 (2005) 3, pp. 811-838.

  • WINTEMUTE ROBERT, De l'égalité des orientations sexuelles à la liberté sexuelle. Jurisprudence européenne et comparée. In: Borrillo Daniel/Lochak Danièle (Eds), La liberté sexuelle, Paris 2005, p. 161–186.



  • BOELE-WOELKI KATHARINA/FUCHS ANGELIKA (Eds), Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Couples in Europe, Antwerpen [etc.], 2003.

  • Grigolo, Michele: Sexualities and the ECHR. - European journal of international law, 14 (2003) 5, S. 1023-1044

  • MÉCARY CAROLINE/DE LA PRADELLE GÉRAUD, Les droits des homosexuel/les, 3ème éd., Paris 2003.

  • RÄTHER PHILIPP C., Der Schutz gleich- und verschiedengeschlechtlicher Lebensgemeinschaften in Europa, Berlin 2003.

  • VANWINCKELEN KOEN, Die Entscheidung Fretté und das europäische Familienrecht: Der EuGHMR fällt aus seiner (Vorreiter-)Rolle. In: FamPra 2003, S. 574–588.

  • WALDMANN BERNHARD, Das Diskriminierungsverbot von Art. 8 Abs. 2 BV als besonderer Gleichheitssatz, Bern 2003.

  • Ralph Sandland, Crossing and Not Crossing: Gender, Sexualityand Melancholy in the European Court of Human RightsChristine Goodwin v. United Kingdom(Application no. 28957/95) [2002] I.R.L.R. 664,[2002] 2 F.L.R. 487, [2002] 2 F.C.R. 577,(2002) 35 E.H.R.R. 18, 13 B.H.R.C. 120, (2002)67 B.M.L.R. 199, I v. United Kingdom(Application no. 25680/94) [2002] 2 F.L.R. 518, [2002] 2 F.C.R. 613 (ECHR), Feminist Legal Studies, May 2003, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 191-209.


  • COESTER MICHAEL, Same-sex relationships: A comparative assessment of legal developments across Europe. In: FamPra 2002, p. 748–764.

  • LEVINET MICHEL, La fin du débat sur la conventionnalité de la répression pénale de l'homosexualité? In: Rev.trim.dr.h. 2002, p. 345–368.

  • MERIN YUVAL, Equality for Same-Sex Couples. The Legal Recognition of Gay Partnerships in Europe and the United States, Chicago/London 2002.

  • SUDRE FRÉDÉRIC (Ed.), Le droit au respect de la vie familiale au sens de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme, Bruxelles 2002.

  •  Sanders, ‘Human Rights and Sexual Orientation in International Law’ (2002) 25 International Journal of Public Administration 13.


  • AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, Crimes of Hate, Conspiracy of Silence. Torture and Ill-Treatment Based on Sexual Identity, London 2001.

  • AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL (Hrsg.: DINKELBERG WOLFGANG/GUNDERMANN EVA/HANENKAMP KERSTIN/KOLTZENBURG CLAUDIA), Das Schweigen brechen, Menschenrechtsverletzungen aufgrund sexueller Orientierung, 3. A., Berlin 2001 (German Version of Amnesty International United Kingdom, Breaking the Silence - Human Rights Violations Based on Sexual Orientation, London 1997).

  • BORRILLO DANIEL, Pluralisme conjugal ou hiérarchie des sexualités: la reconnaissance juridique des couples homosexuels dans l'Union européenne. In: Revue de droit de McGill 2001, p. 875–922.

  • CAMERON, EDWIN, Constitutional protection of sexual orientation and African conceptions of humanity. in:The South African law journal, 118 (2001) 4, pp. 642 - 658.

  • HEINZE, ERIC, Sexual orientation and international law: a study in the manufacture of cross-cultural "sensitivity", in: Michigan journal of international law, 22 (2001) 2, pp. 283-309.

  • TOBLER CHRISTA, Same-sex couples under the law of the EU. In: AJP 2001, p. 269–286.

  • WINTEMUTE ROBERT/ANDENÆS MADS (Eds), Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships, Oxford/Portland (Oregon) 2001.


  • BASEDOW JÜRGEN/HOPT KLAUS J./KÖTZ HEIN/DOPFFEL PETER (Hrsg.), Die Rechtsstellung gleichgeschlechtlicher Lebensgemeinschaften, Tübingen 2000.

  • BEN-ARI, HAR'EL, European Court of Human Rights and sexual orientation discrimination in the armed forces, in: Israel yearbook on human rights, 30 (2000/2001), pp. 243-265.

  • Bribosia, Emmanuelle: Le transsexualisme et l'homosexualité dans la jurisprudence des organes de contrôle de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme et des juridictions communautaires. - Revue de droit de l'ULB, 22 (2000) 2, S. 109-162

  • CHRISTIANSEN, ERIC, Ending the apartheid of the closet. in: New York University journal of international law & politics, 32 (2000) 4, pp. 997 - 1058.

  • NORRIE, KENNETH McK, Constitutional challenges to sexual orientation discrimination. in: The international and comparative law quarterly, 49 (2000) 4, pp. 755-778.


  • DENYS, Chrstine, Homosexuality: a non-issue in Community Law? European Law Review, no. 4, vol. 24, 1999, 419-425.

  • Lenoir, Pascal: L'homosexualité et le juge communautaire. - Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, 10 (1999) 38, S. 407-423

  • MEYER CATHERINE-ANNE, L'homosexualité dans la jurisprudence de la Cour et de la Commission européennes des droits de l'homme. In: Borrillo Daniel (Leitung), Homosexualités et droit, 2ème éd., Paris 1999, p. 155–182.

  • WINTEMUTE ROBERT, Libertés et droits fondamentaux des personnes gays, lesbiennes et bisexuelles en Europe. In: Borrillo Daniel (Leitung), Homosexualités et droit, 2ème éd., Paris 1999, p. 183–209.


  • BEUKES, MARGARET: The recognition of sexual orientation as a ground for (unfair) discrimination. in: South African yearbook of international law, 23 (1998), pp. 266 - 273.

  • Borrillo, Daniel [Hrsg.]: Homosexualités et droit. - Paris : Pr. Univ. de France, 1998

  • RISSE JÖRG, Der verfassungsrechtliche Schutz der Homosexualität, Baden-Baden 1998.

  • RUSSELL, SIMON, Sexual orientation and refugee claims based on "Membership of a particular social group" under the 1951 Refugee Convention, in: Current issues in UK asylum law and policy, pp. 133 - 151.

  • VALDÉS, FRANCISCO, Beyond sexual orientation in queer legal theory, in: Denver University law review, 75 (1998) 4, pp. 1409 - 1464.

  • WEI, TIMOTHY, Symposium - Shifting grounds for asylum: female genital surgery and sexual orientation. in: Columbia human rights law review, 29 (1998) 2, pp. 467-531.


  • COLKER, RUTH; Sexual orientation. in: The Hastings law journal, 48 (1997) 6, pp. 1201 - 1222.

  • CONTE, ALBA, Sexual orientation and legal rights (New York, Wiley, 1997).

  • West, Donald J. / Green, Richard (eds.), Socio-Legal Control oof Homosexuality - A Multi-NAtion Comparison (New York, Plenum Press, 1997).

  • WINTEMUTE, ROBERT, Recognising new kinds of direct sex discrimination, in: The Modern law review, 60 (1997) 3, pp. 334-359.


  • HELFER, LAURENCE R., Sexual orientation and human rights. in: Harvard human rights journal, 9 (1996), pp. 61-103.
  • Rosenbloom, RAchel, Unspoken Rules: Sexual Orientation and Women's Human Rights, IGLHRC, London, Cassell 1996.


  • STYCHIN, CARL F., Constituting sexuality. in: Journal of law and society, 23 (1996) 4, pp. 455 - 483.
  • BOTHA, KEVAN, Sexual orientation, in: South African human rights yearbook, 6 (1995), pp. 254 - 283.
  • CASE, MARY ANNE C., Disaggregating Gender from Sex and Sexual Orientation: The Effeminate Man in the Law and Feminist Jurisprudence, in: The Yale law journal, 105 (1995) 1, pp. 1 - 105.
  • GOODMAN, RYAN, The incorporation of international human rights standards into sexual orientation asylum claims, in: The Yale law journal, 105 (1995) 1, pp. 255-289.
  • HEINZE, ERIC, Sexual orientation: a human right (Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1995).
  • LIND, CRAIG, Sexual Orientation, Family Law and the Transitional Constitution. in: The South African law journal, 112 (1995) 3,pp. 481 - 502.
  • TSEN-TA, JACK LEE, Equal protection and sexual orientation, in: Singapore law review, 16 (1995), pp. 228 - 285.
  • WINTEMUTE ROBERT, Sexual Orientation and Human Rights, Oxford 1995.


  • Hendricks, Aart / Tielman, Rob / van der Veen, Evert (eds.), The ILGA Third Pink Book - A Global View of Lesbian and Gay Liberation and Oppression, Buffalo NY, Prometheus Books, 1993.
  • Institut suisse de droit comparé: Comparative study on discrimination against persons with HIV or AIDS. - Strasbourg : The Council, 1993.
  • WAALDIJK KEES/CLAPHAM ANDREW (Hrsg.), Homosexuality: A European Community Issue, Dordrecht, 1993.


  • Center for Constitutional Rights, Promoting Lesbian and Gay Rights through International Human Rights Law, New York, 1992.


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