The Deanship of the Faculty of Biology and Medicine of the UNIL informs all the members of the Faculty about its Charter on plagiarism, scientific publications and research integrity.
The following Charter is based on the Guidelines 0.3, 0.3 bis and 4.2 from the University of Lausanne.
Plagiarism, counterfeiting and faking documents or results are actions which are unanimously considered a serious misconduct, punishable by the UNIL, which can even lead to penal proceedings. When discovered, plagiarism will be announced to the Deanship. Penalties will depend on the severity of fault, which will range from a blame, the cancellation of a work, the failure of one module / one year to the exclusion from the Faculty.
Information on plagiarism is part of an academic training, and teachers who supervise and evaluate students’ works and research should always be aware of this problem.
The following rules are intended to ensure that all the members of the UNIL do a correct use of information sources:
- Intellectual property must be guaranteed. It is forbidden to claim the ownership of a work not accomplished by oneself, even by omission;
- Sources must be clearly referenced so that the reader is able to check by himself the information.
- Citing authors has always to be indicated by quotation marks;
- If the quotes are slightly modified, even by highlighting certain words, it has to be notified (e.g. stating: "emphasis");
- Comments close to a text or work (i.e. adaptations) must be indicated as such ("here we follow the ideas of X, adapting to our context");
- Scientific information gathered on the Internet must be easy-to-identify: it is not allowed to submit as an own work with part of other ones gathered on web sites. The current practice is to report the URL and the date of the consultation.
Scientific publications and research integrity
The University of Lausanne ensures to the society a research based on integrity. It has therefore included in its Charter a paragraph on critical knowledge which is considered a core value: "the production and transmission of knowledge has to be validated by a collective mechanism, which involve honesty, independence, interdisciplinary debate and transparency ".
Authorship of a scientific publication
- The author of a scientific publication is the person who by his own work has contributed to important scientific research work in its planning, implementation, interpretation or control. Supporting a project financially and organizationally is therefore not sufficient to appear as an author;
- The head of the research project vouches for the accuracy of the content of the publication as a whole. The other authors are responsible for the veracity of the assertions that their position within the group allow them to check;
- Before submitting a manuscript for publication, the scientific project manager must ensure that all the authors agree with it. Likewise no person involved in a research project may submit a manuscript for publication without first obtaining the approval of the project manager;
- Laboratory protocols, historic data acquisition, and the publications must be sufficiently documented so that other researchers can replicate the results.
Lausanne, September 1st, 2011