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  • GMBA – The Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment is a network to explore the biological richness of mountains of the world
  • PPCH (UNIL) - A database for Swiss permanent vegetation plots 
  • ECOCHANGE – Biodiversity and ecosystem changes in Europe
  • MIREN – Mountain Invasion Research Network
  • NCCR Plant Survival - Plant survival in Natural and Agricultural Ecosystems
  • NCEAS – National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis
  • Durabilité - Program of UNIL to stimulate teaching and research on environmental and social sustainability
  • SMARTER - Interdisciplinary network of experts involved in the control of ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)
  • GLORIA - Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments
  • DAISIE - Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe
  • PLANTPOPNET -  Plantago lanceolata: A Spatially Distributed Model System for Population Ecology



  • BAFU/OFEV – Swiss Federal Office for the Environment
  • Swisstopo – Swiss Federal Office for Topography
  • OFS – Swiss Federal Office for Statistics
  • COGIS – Swiss Coordination for Geo-Information and Services
  • SBS - Swiss Botanical Society
  • CPS- Swiss Commission for Wild Plant Conservation
  • MétéoSuisse - Climate change in Switzerland
  • IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change



  • CRAN - The comprehensive R archive network (Swiss mirror)
  • Quick-R – User-friendly guide for users of statistical packages (e.g., SAS, SPSS) who would like to transition to R
  • BIOMOD – R library for ensemble forecasting of species distributions
  • DISMO – R library for species distributon modeling (including MaxEnt)
  • GDM - R library for Generalized dissimilarity modeling
  • BIOMAPPER - A GIS-toolkit to model habitat suitability
  • ADE-4 – R library for analysis of ecological and environmental data
  • STATLIB - Data, software and news from the Statistics Community
  • Stockwell’s webpage –Niche modeling blog
  • ESRI – support for ArcGIS
  • GRASS and DIVA-GIS - free GIS softwares
  • Niklaus Zimmermann’s webpage – Tools for mapping biophysical variables
  • Colorbrewer - color advice for cartography
  • Marxan and ZONATION - softwares for spatial conservation planning (e.g. design reserve systems, assess performance of existing reserves, develop multiple-use zoning plans)
  • sdmvspecies and virtualspecies - R libraries to create virtual species for species distribution modelling



Distribution data

  • GBIF – Global biodiversity information facility
  • Biocase – Biological Collection Access Service for Europe
  • Flora Europea – Digital version of the Flora Europaea
  • Den Virtuella floran – Online access to the Atlas of North European vascular plants (Hultén & Fries 1986)
  • CRSF – distributions of all plants in Swizerland
  • CSCF – distributions of all animal in Switzerland
  • FloraWeb - floristic database for Germany
  • Sophy - floristic database for France
  • Tropicos – specimens, distributons, chromosome counts, references
  • ArcticData - biodiversity, topography, protected areas, human impact data
  • Markku Savela’s webpage - photographs, common names, scientific names, distribution of mammals, insects, birds and plants
  • CKmap2000 - A complete checklist of the whole Italian fauna, with over 57,400 species
  • GfS - Distribution Atlas of Butterflies in Europe

Climate data

  • Worldclim – global climate layers (current – future – past / resolution 1’, 5’ 10’)
  • CGIAR-CSI - global climate layers, including aridity, PET and soil-water balance based on worldclim
  • PANGAEA –Open Access library aimed at archiving, publishing and distributing georeferenced data from earth system research
  • CIAT - IPCC scenarios projections downscaled using Worldclim
  • CliMond – Global climatologies for bioclimatic modelling
  • Atlas of the biosphere - Human impacts, land use, ecosystems and water resources data
  • European Environment agency - tons of environmental data for Europe (including Corine land use)
  • ENVIROCAT - Swiss Environmental Data Base
  • Geocat – Geographic catalogue for Switzerland
  • GEOSTAT – geodata from the Federal Office for Statistics
  • CCAFS - Downscaled layers from future climate models (GCMs) from the Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security
  • NOAA - Reconstructed paleoclimates from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • USGS - Elevation, watershed and related variables for the globe at 1km resolution from the US Geological Survey
  • GLCF - Various land-cover datasets from the Global Land Cover Facility
  • NASA - Various atmospheric and land products from the MODIS instrument from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC - Harmonized World Soil Database
  • European Soil portal – Lots of soil GIS data
  • IIASA - GIS data on Energy & climate Change, Food & Water, Poverty and Equity at different extents and resolutions
  • EarthEnv - Consensus land cover and 90m DEM
  • Eurolst - Reconstructed MODIS Land Surface Temperature at 250m for Europe
  • Land Use Harmonization - set of historical land-use and land-use transitions reconstructions and future RCP scenarios for the time period 1500-2100 at 0.5° resolution
  • Global Forest Change - Worldwide forest extent, loss and gain (tree>5m) for years 2000-2012 at 30m resolution based on Landsat images
  • EC-Earth - Historical (1850-2006) and future simulation (2006-2100) for Ocean and Atmosphere climates
  • NSIDC - American National Snow & Ice Data Center providing many satellite and field data in the Arctic and Antarctic regions
  • JAXA-DEM - World Elevation Data at 30m from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Biological traits

  • TRY - global database of plant functional traits
  • LEDA – life history traits of the Northwest European flora
  • BiolFlor – database on biological and ecological traits of the flora of Germany
  • CLO-PLA – clonal growth plant traits of Central European flora
  • Trochet et al. 2014 - A database of life-history traits of European amphibians
  • Tr8 R package - retrieves plant traits from BiolFlor ,LEDA, ECOFLORA, Italian Flora, Mycorrhizal intensity and MycoFlor1 databases
  • panTHERIA - a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals

Taxonomy and Phylogeny


  • WDPA - World Database on Protected Areas (manual)


Biophore - CH-1015 Lausanne  - Switzerland  -  Tel. +41 21 692 41 60  -  Fax +41 21 692 41 65
Swiss University