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2003 Archaeological report

Eretria. Sanctuary of Apollo Daphnephoros

apollo03a.JPGThe Ministry of Culture decided in 2002 to cover up the ancient excavations, in particular the G structures that are regularly submerged under water during the winter. An excavation permit was granted in 2003 in order to conduct excavation on limited areas: several trenches revealed some precious information concerning the stratigraphy and the G structures of the Sanctuary. The excavation was conducted by Samuel Verdan (University of Lausanne).
Let us mention the discovery of a foyer in front of building 5. It seems to have been used in a domestic context, although we can't exclude a link with metal-working (already attested in the area of the Sanctuary).


Geom foyer for metal working.

The major discovery is the discovery of an A well, which was located under the foundations of the stylobate of the Doric temple. Among the material, we shall mention tile fragments, bones, as well as an abundant pottery including several dozens of complete miniature hydrias, very similar to the ones already found in the Sacrificial area, located in the north of the Sanctuary. The well might have been in use with the temple of the 7th c. and abandoned during the construction of the 6th century temple.
Although it is not the first time that miniature hydrias are found in the Sanctuary of Apollo, they were never in such abundance nor in such a well-defined context. In terms of religious patterns, their presence naturally raises the question of the relationship between the Sanctuary and the nearby Sacrificial area.

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Amarynthos. Geophysical Survey

Since 1969, Denis Knoepfler (University of Neuchâtel, Professeur au Collège de France) is involved in the process of localizing the Artemision of Amarynthos. Although the sanctuary of Artemis Amarysia occupied the first place in the Pantheon of the Eretrian State and was well known in Antiquity, its remains were never located precisely.
A permit was granted by the Ministry of Culture to the Swiss School in order to conduct a geophysical survey in the surroundings of the Paleoekklisies hill, also known for being the most important Myc site of this region. The project was conducted by Denis Knoepfler, Pierre Gex (Institute of Geophysics, University of Lausanne) and Sylvian Fachard.
The area under investigation has been heavily disturbed by modern constructions in the past decades, but the team was still able to prospect and take measurements in more than 120 different parcels. A description of the archaeological remains has been accomplished and the surface pottery was studied directly on the field.
Although the first results of the survey have allowed us to surround more precisely the location of the Sanctuary, the School will conduct another campaign in 2004.

amarynthos03.jpg
Geophysic survey around Amarynthos.

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This report appeared in the Archaeological Reports, published by the BSA and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies and available online via JSTOR.

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More in the field report Antike Kunst 47 2004

 

 

apollo03b.JPG
Archaic well with miniature hydria.

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