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Short chronology


BC

3000-1100 (Helladic period)
Settlements on the acropolis and on the plain

8th century (Geometric Period)
Birth of the city. First temple in the Sanctuary of Apollo
Participation in the colonization of the Mediterranean basin

7th century
The Heroon at the West Gate. Ionic Temple of Apollo

Ca. 600 (?)
Lelantine War

550-525
Construction of the city wall, the Agora, and the Doric Temple of Apollo

499
The Eretrians support the uprising of Miletos

490
Eretria stormed by the Persians

446
Athenian domination over Euboea

411
Battle of Eretria and uprising of Euboea against the Athenians

Ca. 400-350
The city walls and the Agora are renovated. Construction of houses in the West Quarter and of the House of the Mosaics

377
Eretria joins the Second Athenian League

341
Democracy is restored after twentyfive years of tyranny

Ca. 340-300
Construction of the Theater, the Temple of Dionysos, the North Gymnasium, the Iseion and the South Palaestra

295-268
Political career of the philosopher Menedemos of Eretria

267
Antigonos Gonatas, King of the Macedonians, seizes Eretria

198
The Romans seize Eretria

146
The Eretrians remain faithful to Rome during the Achaean War

86
Eretria seized by the Romans (War of Mithridates)

Ca. 20
Construction of the Sebasteion (Temple of the Imperial Cult)

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AD

211-217
Eretria honors the Emperor Caracalla

6th century
The site is abandoned

5 April 1436
Cyriaco of Ancona visits the site

1834
Refoundation of Eretria: Nea Psara

1885
First archaeological excavations (Chr. Tsountas)

April 1964
Swiss archaeologists launch excavations in Eretria

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