Call for Papers – AAG 2017 Annual Meeting, Boston, April 5th – April 9th, 2017 - CFP Formal and informal dynamics of affordable housing development
Call for Papers – AAG 2017 Annual Meeting, Boston, April 5th – April 9th, 2017
Please note that October 27 2016 is the official AAG-deadline for abstract submission
Formal and informal dynamics of affordable housing development
Shenjing He, Department of Urban Planning and Design, The University of Hong Kong, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Youqin Huang, Department of Geography and Planning, State University of New York (SUNY), Albany, email@example.com
As an important redistributive means to improve the well-being of marginal groups, affordable housing has long been the focal point of academic research and policy making worldwide. The 2008 global financial crisis centralized on housing economy once again brought housing affordability into the limelight of social economic research. The importance of affordable housing concerning homelessness, quality of life, social mix has been widely recognized. In developed countries, affordable housing has been used as a governing and planning tool to address the problems of residential segregation and sociospatial inequality. Nonetheless, after the collapse of the welfare state and the rise of neoliberal policies in advanced capitalist economies, affordable housing development has been subordinated to the imperative of economic growth, and has lagged far behind the pressing needs of the low-income groups.
In the Chinese context, rocketing housing price in large cities and limited provision of affordable housing have pushed many into despair. Adding to this problem is the urban-rural dichotomy that institutionalizes and perpetualizes the inferiority of rural migrants in the city, who have amounted to more than 270 million in recent years. Central to the housing affordability problem haunting many Chinese cities is the predominant land revenue-driven urban growth model, or the “land-centred urban transformation” termed by Lin (2007). Against this backdrop, different strategies have been developed both from top-down and bottom-up. On the one hand, the central government has announced an unprecedentedly large-scale affordable housing development plan to construct 36 million units of affordable housing during the12th five year plan (2011 to 2015). On the other, informal housing strategies are thriving on the collective land owned by villagers whose farmland has been encroached by the waves of urban expansion in the past three decades. Urban villages have sheltered millions of rural migrants. Meanwhile, a distinctive mode of semi-illegal housing development, namely small property right housing has quietly taken up a considerably large proportion of existing housing stock.
Seemingly, these two mechanisms of affordable housing development led by the state and the village collective respectively are targeting different social groups and evolve along parallel paths independent of each other. Existing studies also rarely link these two dynamics together to examine affordable housing development. However, both mechanisms closely hinge upon the dual land system and land provision issues and can actually complement and learn from each other in many ways. We therefore call for papers looking at both the formal and informal dynamics of affordable housing development. We welcome papers addressing (but not limited to) the following issues:
1) To examine the dynamics of formal and informal affordable housing development from both production side and consumption side, i.e. the mechanism of land and housing supply and the different patterns of formal and informal affordable housing consumption;
2) To assess the advantages and problems associated with formal and informal affordable housing development from the perspectives of property rights and transaction cost;
3) To analyze the inter-relationship between the two modes of affordable housing development;
4) To investigate the financing strategies of formal and informal affordable housing provision;
5) To evaluate different impacts of formal and informal affordable housing on residents and communities.