IGU Urban commission, Canterbury, 2011
Mohamed A. Ali
Scientific Advisor for Tiabah University Institute For Research and Consulting (TURCI), Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
Urban Planning Challenges in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
Almadinah Almunawarag, Saudi Arabia is the Holy City where the Prophet Mohamed was buried and is now distinguished by the Prophet Mohamed Mosque. Its unparalleled characteristics stem from the fact that its central functions serve both its permanent residents as well as pilgrims and visitors from all over the Muslim World whose number exceed the permanent population each year. The necessary expansion of the Holy Prophet Mohamed Mosque to accommodate the accelerating numbers of pilgrims and visitors takes place through a process of horizontal expansion and is usually accomplished by costly demolition of adjacent buildings and areas.
Consequently, urban form, social structure, commercial functions and transportation and service networks in several sections of the city are badly affected. Increasing economic and commercial development in the areas immediately around the Mosque have caused pressures that have resulted in a dense accumulation of buildings with height that surpasses that of the Minarets of Prophet Mohamed Holy Mosque.