IGU Urban Commission, Tel Aviv, 2010
Jerzy J. PARYSEK
Adam Mickiewicz University Poznań (Poland)
Institute of Socio – Economic Geography and Spatial Management
Urban policy in the context of contemporary processes of urbanization and development issues of polish cities
Great dynamics and a wide range of contemporary processes of Polish urbanization as well as the problems of city development and functioning, require setting objectives, formulating rules and implementing urban policy. The aim of such a policy should be to support municipalities in their attempt to solve primary problems and the need for such a policy is justified, due to the fact that, while cities play a crucial role in the global socio - economic development, they also experience: financial, demographic, social, environmental, housing and other problems the most severely. Therefore, in many cases, cities cannot be generators of development and they cannot be responsible for the implementation of the Lisbon Strategy, which has been emphasized by the European Union. The aim of the forthcoming paper, is to present the principles of the urban policy which could be implemented in Poland, both in relation to the existing situation and in relation to the position of the European Union on this matter. It is assumed that the urban policy will be implemented at two levels: (1) beyond the local level (namely at: the European Union, state and regional level) and (2) at the local level. The first of these levels will apply to all European cities, Polish cities and cities of a particular region while the other, to a particular city and its spatial components. The principles of the urban policy will result from European Union documents, for which the urban policy is a component of regional policy. Primarily, it is Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities, but also Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion Turning territorial diversity into strength.