IGU Urban Commission, Tel Aviv, 2010
Mª José Piñeira Mantiñán
University of Santiago de Compostela
Belen Mª Castro Fernández
The impact of Jacobean holy years in the Urban renewal in Santiago de Compostela: 1954-2010
The aim of this communication is to analyze how the celebration of Holy Years has impacted since the mid-twentieth century in the management of Santiago de Compostela as a goal the Camino de Santiago. At first, urban interventions were made in anticipation of the Holy Year, which meant creating facilities, improving the provision of housing, clean facades, label the streets or clean up the entrances to the city, and above all, taking care the surroundings of the cathedral. This campaign of urban and environmental improvement reached its culmination in the 1990s, when Camino de Santiago was projected worldwide. The arrival of millions of people determined that Santiago must be an accessible city and equipped to respond to the demands of both tourists and residents. The performances were not only associated with the cathedral and its surroundings, but also its scale was extended to the entire city with the creation of ring-roads. These, in turn, functioned as the hub of urban growth to the east in which was the main organize axis of Galicia, Atlantic Highway.
However, in the current Holy Year 2010, there is a disconnection among the planning, management, improvement planning and the celebration of the Holy Years. Throughout the different sections of the paper we will discuss how we got to this situation and what could be the reasons that explain it: the Holy Year has an importance for itself and it is no necessary to take into account the management of the city? Is it possible that the city has not a global planning and that is the reason because we find isolated interventions by different actors?, what is the role of architecture and built the city as made in promoting tourism urban and cultural development?.