IGU Urban Commission, Tel Aviv, 2010
University of Paris 1, Faculty of Geography, UMR 8504 CNRS, France
DEPA, University of Paris 8, France
Strategic Planning in London since 1999: development outcomes viewed in terms of policy direction and policy change.
Just as strategic planning grew in importance over the 1960s and 1970s, so it went on to attract lower levels of interest in the 1980s and 1990s. In the case of London, a near fatal blow came in 1986 when the strategic body for London, the Greater London Council, was abolished by the Conservative Government. Whether the new Labour Government of 1997 was convinced of the need for a strategic authority for the capital, or simply felt obliged to re-establish city-wide governance, a referendum on an elected authority for London was held in 1998. 72% voted in favour, and in 1999 the Greater London Authority Act reintroduced strategic planning.
Over the last decade in which strategic planning has been practiced in the capital, a number of proposals, plans, amendments, alterations and replacements have been introduced in response to changes in political will and economic circumstances. This paper will set out to outline the major changes in strategic planning policy for London since 1999. This account will then serve as the basis for examining some of the key developments that have taken place in Greater London over the last 10 years, particularly in terms of their spatiality. The aim of this examination is to shed light on the role of strategic planning in influencing the amount, type, timing and location of development in the capital, and more specifically to assess whether strategic policies or changes in policy direction have had the most impact on development in Greater London. The results of this analysis are used in the conclusions to reflect on the implications for strategic planning in other European metropolises.