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Michael Esfeld

| Curriculum vitae | Main Areas of Research | Publications

Professeur ordinaire

Université de Lausanne
Faculté des lettres
Section de philosophie
CH-1015 Lausanne

Office: Anthrople 5080.2 (UNIL-Dorigny)

Phone: +41 (0)21 692 29 23
Fax: +41 (0)21 692 30 45


Personal webpage

Curriculum vitae

Année Activité
2013 Research award of the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation, spending the academic year 2014-15 at the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy
Since 2010 Fellow of the "Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina", the National Academy of Germany
2008 Award of the cogito foundation for dialog between human and natural sciences
2006-16 President of the College of Swiss Philosophy Professors
2004-14 Head of the Department of philosophy of Lausanne University
Since oct. 2002 Full professor of epistemology and philosophy of science at the University of Lausanne
2001-2002 Associate professor of epistemology, philosophy of science and logic at the University of Cologne
9.2000-3.2001 Heisenberg Fellow of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
2000 summer term Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Hertfordshire
1997-2001 Research Fellow and Privatdozent at the Department of Philosophy and Center for the Philosophy of Science, University of Konstanz
Feb. 2000 Habilitation in Konstanz, Habilitation Thesis on "Holism in Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Physics"
1996-99 Visiting Scholarships in Cambridge (with Prof. Michael Redhead and Dr. Jeremy Butterfield, 1996/97), Canberra (with Prof. Philip Pettit, 1998), and Pittsburgh (with Prof. Robert Brandom, 1999)
1994-96 Postdoctoral Fellow at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zürich, research work on the philosophy of quantum theory with Prof. Hans Primas
1994 PhD-degree in philosophy at Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Germany), PhD-Thesis on "Mechanismus und Subjektivität in der Philosophie von Th. Hobbes" (supervisors Prof. Dr. Peter Rohs and Prof. Dr. Ludwig Siep)
since 1994 continuous teaching in epistemology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, logic, and history of modern philosophy at ETH Zürich and the Universities of Münster, Konstanz, Hertfordshire, Cologne and Lausanne
1987-94 scholarship by the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes
1986-94 studies of philosophy and history at Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (1986-1991), Université de Lausanne (1987/88), and Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität Münster (PhD) (1992-1994)
1986 High School graduation (Abitur)
1966 Born in Berlin (West)


Main Areas of Research

philosophy of science, in particular philosophy of physics

philosophy of mind, in particular causation and functional reduction 

research projects




La philosophie de l'esprit. De la relation entre l'esprit et la nature. Paris: Armand Colin 2005. Deuxième édition: La philosophie de l’esprit. Une introduction aux débats contemporains, Paris: Armand Colin 2012, Collection « Cursus », 204 pages.

Physique et métaphysique: une introduction à la philosophie de la nature. Lausanne: Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes 2012, 172 pages.

Michael Esfeld (ed.): Philosophie der Physik, Berlin: Suhrkamp 2012 (stw 2033).

Michael Esfeld & Christian Sachse: Kausale Strukturen. Einheit und Vielfalt in der Natur und den Naturwissenschaften, Berlin: Suhrkamp 2010, 261 pages

English version: Conservative reductionism. New York: Routledge 2011, 204 pages.

Naturphilosophie als Metaphysik der Natur. Frankfurt (Main): Suhrkamp 2008.
(downlaod: table of contents & introduction)

La philosophie des sciences. Une introduction. Lausanne : Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, automne 2006. Deuxième édition révisée 2009.

John Heil. Symposium on his ontological point of view. Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2006.
(download: table of contents & introduction)

Philosophie des Geistes. Eine Einführung. Bern: Bern Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science - Educational Materials 8, 2005, 212 pages.

Einführung in die Naturphilosophie. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 2002. Second edition, entirely revised 2011.

Holism in Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Physics. Dordrecht: Kluwer 2001 (Synthese Library Volume 298) (Habilitation Thesis).

German version: Holismus in der Philosophie des Geistes und der Philosophie der Physik, Frankfurt (Main): Suhrkamp 2002 (stw 1572).

Mechanismus und Subjektivität in der Philosophie von Thomas Hobbes. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog 1995 (Quaestiones 9).



"A proposal for a minimalist ontology", forthcoming in Synthese

Dirk-André Deckert, Michael Esfeld and Andrea Oldofredi: “A persistent particle ontology for QFT in terms of the Dirac sea”, forthcoming in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

Michael Esfeld, Dirk-André Deckert, and Andrea Oldofredi: "What is matter? The fundamental ontology of atomism and structural realism", forthcoming in Anna Ijjas and Barry Loewer (eds.): A guide to the philosophy of cosmology. Oxford University Press.

"Collapse or no collapse? What is the best ontology of quantum mechanics in the primitive ontology framework?", forthcoming in Shan Gao (ed.): Collapse of the wave function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

"How to account for quantum non-locality: ontic structural realism and the primitive ontology of quantum physics", forthcoming in Synthese, DOI 10.1007/s11229-014-0549-4


Antonio Vassallo, Dirk-André Deckert and Michael Esfeld: “Relationalism about mechanics based on a minimalist ontology of matter”, European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (2017),  pp. 299-318.

Michael Esfeld, Dustin Lazarovici, Vincent Lam, and Mario Hubert: "The physics and metaphysics of primitive stuff", The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2017), pp. 133-161.

“La science comme libération”, in Marc Silberstein (ed.): Qu’est-ce que la science … pour vous ? 50 scientifiques & philosophes répondent. Paris: Editions Matériologiques 2017, pp. 93–96.
(link to publisher)



Antonio Vassallo and Michael Esfeld: “Leibnizian relationalism for general relativistic physics”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 55 (2016), pp. 101-107.

Andrea Oldofredi, Dustin Lazarovici, Dirk-André Deckert and Michael Esfeld: "From the universe to subsystems: Why quantum mechanics appears more stochastic than classical mechanics", forthcoming in Fluctuations and Noise Letters 15 (2016), Special issue Quantum and classical frontiers of noise, pp. 164002: 1-16.

"The reality of relations: the case from quantum physics", in Anna Marmodoro and David Yates (eds.): The metaphysics of relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016, pp. 218-234.

​Mauro Dorato and Michael Esfeld: "The metaphysics of laws: dispositionalism vs. primitivism",  in Tomasz Bigaj and Christian Wüthrich (eds.): Metaphysics in contemporary physics. Amsterdam: Rodopi 2016, pp. 403–424.

"Naturgesetze und Handlungskausalität", in Philipp Wolf and Dietmar Herdt (eds.): Mensch, Natur und Kosmos. Der Mensch im 21. Jahrhundert – Human- und Naturwissenschaftliche Perspektiven, Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag 2016, pp. 49–66.


Matthias Egg and Michael Esfeld: "Primitive ontology and quantum state in the GRW matter density theory", Synthese 192 (2015), pp. 3229-3245.
(preprint: PhilSci, arXiv)

Antonio Vassallo and Michael Esfeld: "On the Importance of Interpretation in Quantum Physics. A Reply to Elise Crull." Foundations of Physics 45 (2015), pp. 1533–1536.
(preprint: PhilSciarXiv)

"Quantum physics and presentism", in Albrecht von Müller and Thomas Filk (eds.): Re-thinking time at the interface of physics and philosophy. The forgotten present. Cham: Springer 2015, pp. 231–248.
(download: preprint)

"Bell’s theorem and the issue of determinism and indeterminism", Foundations of Physics 45 (2015), pp. 471–482.
(preprint: PhilSciarXiv)

Review of "Steven French, The structure of the world. Metaphysics and representation. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014", Mind 124 (2015), pp. 334-338.
(download: preprint)


Michael Esfeld, Dustin Lazarovici, Mario Hubert, and Detlef Dürr: "The ontology of Bohmian mechanics", The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2014), pp. 773–796.
(preprint: PhilSci, arXiv)

"The primitive ontology of quantum physics: guidelines for an assessment of the proposals", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47, pp. 99-106.

"Physics and intrinsic properties", in Robert Francescotti (ed.): Companion to intrinsic properties. Berlin: de Gruyter 2014, chapter 13, pp. 253–269.

"Quantum Humeanism, or: physicalism without properties", The Philosophical Quarterly, 64 (2014), pp. 453–470.

Michael Esfeld and Nicolas Gisin: "The GRW flash theory: a relativistic quantum ontology of matter in space-time?", Philosophy of Science 81 (2014), pp. 248–264.

Matthias Egg and Michael Esfeld: "Non-local common cause explanations for EPR", European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2014), pp. 181–196.

Antonio Vassallo and Michael Esfeld: "A proposal for a Bohmian ontology of quantum gravity", Foundations of Physics 44(1), pp. 1-18, 2014.

"Mentale Verursachung und dispositionaler Realismus", in Anne Sophie Spann and Daniel Wehinger (eds.): Vermögen und Handlung. Der dispositionale Realismus und unser Selbstverständnis als Handelnde. Münster: Mentis 2014, pp. 113–132.


Reductionism today”, in Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth Nemeth and Friedrich Stadler (eds.): European philosophy of science – Philosophy of science in Europe and the Viennese heritage. Cham: Springer 2013, pp. 89–101.

Vincent Lam and Michael Esfeld: "A dilemma for the emergence of spacetime in canonical quantum gravity", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (2013), pp. 286–293.

Ontic structural realism and the interpretation of quantum mechanics”, European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (2013), pp. 19–32.

French translation “Le réalisme ontique structural et l’interprétation de la mécanique quantique” (translated by Yann Schmitt) forthcoming in Frédéric Nef (ed.): Ontologie. Paris: Vrin 2013.

Metaphysics and science” in Byron Kaldis (ed.): Encyclopedia of philosophy and the social sciences, Thousand Oaks (California): Sage 2013, pp. 600–603.

Contemporary metaphysics. Review of David J. Chalmers, Constructing the world, John Heil, The universe as we find it, and Theodore R. Sider, Writing the book of the world”, Metaphysica 14 (2013), pp. 143–148.

Von Descartes lernen. Kommentar zu Thomas Buchheim, Neuronenfeuer und seelische Tat. Ein neo-aristotelischer Vorschlag zum Verständnis mentaler Kausalität”, Philosophisches Jahrbuch 120 (2013), pp. 102–108.

Particules en mouvement: la conception physique de la matière”, in Marc Silberstein (ed.): Matériaux philosophiques et scientifiques pour un matérialisme contemporain. Paris: Editions Matériologiques 2013, pp. 435–452.


Vincent Lam and Michael Esfeld: “The structural metaphysics of quantum theory and general relativity”, Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (2012), pp. 243–258.

“Das Messproblem der Quantenmechanik heute: Übersicht und Bewertung”, in Michael Esfeld (ed.): Philosophie der Physik. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2012, pp. 88–109.

Michael Esfeld, Christian Sachse and Patrice Soom: “Marrying the merits of Nagelian reduction and functional reduction”, Acta Analytica 27 (2012), pp. 217–230.

Causal realism”, in Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Stephan Hartmann, Michael Stöltzner und Marcel Weber (eds.): Probabilities, laws, and structures. The philosophy of science in a European perspective. Volume 3. Dordrecht: Springer 2012, pp. 157-168.


"Brandoms Trilemma", in Christian Barth and Holger Sturm (eds.): Robert Brandoms expressive Vernunft. Historische und systematische Untersuchungen, Paderborn: Mentis 2011, pp.209–229.

"Le réalisme scientifique et la métaphysique des sciences", in Anouk Barberousse, Denis Bonnay and Mikaël Cozic (eds.): Précis de philosophie des sciences, Paris: Vuibert 2011, pp. 141-170.

"Funktion" in Armin G. Wildfeuer and Petra Kolmer (eds.): Neues Handbuch philosophischer Grundbegriffe, Freiburg (Breisgau): Alber 2011, pp. 842–854.

“Das Wesen der Natur”, Spektrum der Wissenschaft June 2011, pp. 54–58.

Science and metaphysics: the case of quantum physics”, in Anne Reboul (ed.): Philosophical papers dedicated to Kevin Mulligan on the occasion of his 60th birthday 23 June 2011.

"Wie bewegt der Geist den Körper? Das Problem der mentalen Verursachung", in Wolfgang Lienemann (ed.): Neuroscience. Bulletin der Vereinigung der Schweizerischen Hochschuldozierenden 37.2 (August 2011), pp. 30–37.

"Causal properties and conservative reduction", Philosophia naturalis 47-48 (2010-11), pp. 9-31.

"Wozu Dispositionen?", in Carl Friedrich Gethmann (ed.): Lebenswelt und Wissenschaft. Deutsches Jahrbuch Philosophie 2. Hamburg: Meiner 2011, pp. 433–439.

Michael Esfeld and Vincent Lam: “Ontic structural realism as a metaphysics of objects”, in Alisa and Peter Bokulich (eds.): Scientific structuralism. Dordrecht: Springer 2011. Chapter 8.

Michael Esfeld and Christian Sachse: "Identität statt Emergenz. Plädoyer für einen konservativen Reduktionismus", in Jens Greve and Annette Schnabel (eds.): Emergenz. Zur Analyse und Erklärung komplexer Strukturen. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2011, pp. 84–110.


"Les fondements de la causalité", in Gérard Lambert and Marc Silberstein (eds.): Epistémologie de la médecine et de la santé. Matière première 1/2010. Paris: Editions Matériologiques 2010, pp. 199–222.

"Causal overdetermination for Humeans?", Metaphysica 11 (2010), pp. 99–104.

"Physics and causation", Foundations of Physics 40 (2010), pp. 1597-1610. Special issue in honour of the 80th birthday of Peter Mittelstaedt.

Mauro Dorato and Michael Esfeld: "GRW as an ontology of dispositions", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (2010), pp. 41–49.

Patrice Soom, Christian Sachse and Michael Esfeld: "Psycho-neural reduction through functional sub-types", Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (2010), pp. 7–26.

"Humean metaphysics versus a metaphysics of powers", in Gerhard Ernst and Andreas Hüttemann (eds.): Time, chance and reduction. Philosophical aspects of statistical mechanics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, chapter 7 (2010), pp. 119–135.

Michael Esfeld & Vincent Lam: "Holism and structural realism", in Robrecht Vanderbeeken and Bart D’Hooghe (eds.): Worldviews, science and us. Studies of analytical metaphysics. A selection of topics from a methodological perspective. Singapore: World Scientific 2010, pp. 10–31.

"Normen und mentale Eigenschaften in der physikalischen Welt." Diskussionsbeitrag zu Peter Stemmer, Normativität. Eine ontologische Untersuchung. Berlin: de Gruyter 2008, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 58 (2010), pp. 145–148.

"Comment on David Papineau, Can any sciences be special?" in: Graham and Cynthia MacDonald (eds.): Emergence in mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010, pp.198–204.


"Hypothetical metaphysics of nature", in Michael Heidelberger and Gregor Schiemann (eds.): The significance of the hypothetical in the natural sciences. Berlin: de Gruyter 2009, pp. 341–364. 

Michael Esfeld and Vincent Lam: "Structures as the objects of fundamental physics", in Uljana Feest, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger and Günter Abel (eds.): Epistemic objects, Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science 2009, Preprint 374, pp. 3–16.

"Inferentialism and the normativity trilemma", in Damiano Canale and Giovanni Tuzet (eds.): The rules of inference. Inferentialism in law and philosophy. Milano: Egea 2009, pp. 13–28.

"La théorie causale des propriétés", Klesis 13 (2009), pp. 56–68.

"Descartes, Leibniz und das Problem der mentalen Verursachung", in Jean Ferrari, Pierre Guenancia, Margit Ruffing, Robert Theis and Matthias Vollet (eds.): Descartes und Deutschland / Descartes et Allemagne, Hildesheim: Olms 2009, pp. 99–109.

Michael Esfeld & Jens Harbecke, Article “Cauality” in Marc D. Binder, Nobutaka Hirokawa and Uwe Windhorst (eds.): Encyclopedia of neuroscience, Berlin: Springer 2009, pp. 583-587.

Article “Explanation (deductive-nomological, mereological, reductive)” in Marc D. Binder, Nobutaka Hirokawa and Uwe Windhorst (eds.): Encyclopedia of neuroscience, Berlin: Springer 2009, pp. 1495-1498.

"The modal nature of structures in ontic structural realism", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (2009), pp. 179-194.

French translation: "La nature modale des structures physiques selon le réalisme structural ontologique", in Soazig LeBihan (ed.): Précis de philosophie de la physique. Paris: Vuibert 2013, pp. 324–340.

Michael Herzog & Michael Esfeld: "How the mind constitutes itself through perceptual learning", Learning & Perception 1 (2009), pp. 147-154. 


"Die Metaphysik dispositionaler Eigenschaften", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 62 (2008), pp. 323-342.

"Die philosophische Herausforderung der Naturwissenschaften", issue 10 of the series Quo vadis universitas? Kritische Beiträge zur Idee und Zukunft der Universität, ed. Hans-Ulrich Rüegger, University of Zurich, October 2008

"Cartwright on wholism", in Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer and Luc Bovens (eds.): Nancy Cartwright's philosophy of science, London: Routledge 2008, pp. 324-336. With a commentary by Nancy Cartwright pp. 337-338.

Michael Esfeld & Vincent Lam: "Moderate structural realism about space-time". Synthese 160 (2008), pp. 27-46.

Michael Esfeld & Michael Sollberger "Recent German books in the philosophy of mind", Dialectica 62 (1) (2008), p. 128-135.

"Mentale Verursachung und die neue Reduktionismus-Debatte in der Philosophie des Geistes", in Patrick Spät (ed.): Zur Zukunft der Philosophie des Geistes, Paderborn: Mentis 2008, pp. 25-40.


"La philosophie comme métaphysique des sciences", Studia Philosophica 66 (2007), pp. 61-76

"Mental causation and the metaphysics of causation", Erkenntnis 67 (2007), pp. 207-220

Michael Herzog, Michael Esfeld & Wulfram Gerstner: "Consciousness and the small network argument", Neural Networks 20 (2007), pp. 1054-1056.

Michael Esfeld & Christian Sachse: "Theory reduction by means of functional sub-types", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (2007), p. 1-17."Metaphysics of science between metaphysics and science", Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (2007), pp. 199-213 (special issue Philosophical knowledge - its possibility and scope, Eds. Christian Beyer and Alex Burri)

Review of "Bernard d'Espagnat, On physics and philosophy, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2006. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38B (2007), pp. 989-992

"Kausalität", in Andreas Bartels & Manfred Stöckler (eds.): Wissenschaftstheorie. Ein Studienbuch, Paderborn: Mentis 2007, pp. 89-107.


"The impact of science on metaphysics and its limits", Abstracta 2 (2006), pp. 86-101.

"Le sphinx quantique. Le problème de la mesure", Sciences et avenir hors série. Le paradoxe du chat de Schrödinger, No. 148 October/November 2006, pp. 30-34.

"La théorie de Bohm", Sciences et avenir hors série. Le paradoxe du chat de Schrödinger, No. 148 October/November 2006, p. 71.

"Scientific realism and the history of science", in G. Auletta (ed.): The controversial relationships between science and philosophy: a critical assessment. Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2006, pp. 251-275.

Michael Esfeld & Michael Sollberger: "Repräsentationaler oder direkter Realismus? Stellungnahme", Information Philosophie 3/2006, pp. 32-43.

"Der neue Reduktionismus". In: G. Abel (ed.): Kreativität. XX. Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie. Kolloquiumsbeiträge. Hamburg: Meiner. Pp. 951-965.

"From being ontologically serious to serious ontology", in Michael Esfeld (ed.): John Heil. Symposium on his ontological point of view, Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2006, pp. 191-206.

"Popper on irreversibility and the arrow of time", in Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford and David Miller (eds.): Karl Popper: A centenary assessment, Aldershot: Ashgate 2006, Chapter 45, pp. 57-70.


"The causal homogeneity of biological kinds", History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (2005), December issue, pp. 421-43.

with Michael Herzog: "Wenn der Geist Kopf steht - Philosophie. Leib-Seele-Problem", Gehirn & Geist 11 / 2005, pp. 56-60.

"Mental causation and mental properties", Dialectica 59 (2005), pp. 5-18.

"Le pragmatisme en sémantique et en épistémologie contemporaines", Philosophia Scientiae 9 (2005), pp. 31-47.

"Normativität der Bedeutung und normative Wissenschaftsphilosophie", in Bernward Gesang (ed.): Normative oder deskriptive Wissenschaftstheorie?, Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2005, pp. 205-223.


"Quantum entanglement and a metaphysics of relations", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35B, pp. 601-617.

"Philosophie als Beruf - und als Leidenschaft", in Helge Klausener (ed.): Berufe für Philosophen, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft October 2004, pp. 31-41.

"Von einer pragmatischen Theorie der Bedeutung zur Philosophie des Geistes", in André Fuhrmann and Erik J. Olsson (eds.): Pragmatisch denken. Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2004, pp. 147-168.

"L'anti-cartésianisme dans la théorie de la connaissance contemporaine", in Michael Esfeld and Jean-Marc Tétaz (eds.) : Généalogie de la pensée moderne. Volume d'hommage à Ingeborg Schüßler / Genealogie des neuzeitlichen Denkens. Festschrift für Ingeborg Schüßler, Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2004, pp. 381-393.

"Wie direkt soll ein Realismus sein?", in Christoph Halbig and Christian Suhm (eds.): Was ist wirklich? Neuere Beiträge zu Realismusdebatten in der Philosophie. Frankfurt (Main): Ontos-Verlag 2004, pp. 81-96.


"Philosophical holism" (10000 words), in Encyclopedia of life support system, section Encyclopedia of social sciences and humanities, Unity of knowledge, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn (ed.), Oxford: EOLSS Publishers 2003.

with Marcel Weber: "Holism in the sciences" (10000 words), in Encyclopedia of life support system, section Encyclopedia of social sciences and humanities, Unity of knowledge, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn (ed.), Oxford: EOLSS Publishers 2003.

"Do Relations Require Underlying Intrinsic Properties? A Physical Argument for a Metaphysics of Relations", Metaphysica. International Journal for Ontology & Metaphysics, 4 (2003), pp. 5-25. 

"L'argument sémantique pour la dépendance corporelle de la pensée", Studia Philosophica 62 (2003): Der Körper in der Philosophie / Le corps dans la philosophie, pp. 119-131.

"Holismus und Atomismus in den Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften. Eine Skizze", in Alexander Bergs and Soelve I. Curdts (eds.): Holismus und Individualismus in den Wissenschaften. Frankfurt (Main): Lang 2003, pp. 7-21.

"What are Social Practices?", Indaga. Revista internacional de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas 1 (2003), pp. 19-43.

"Freiheit im Denken", in Sibille Mischer, Michael Quante and Christian Suhm (eds.): Auf Freigang. Metaphysische und ethische Annäherungen an die menschliche Freiheit, Münster: Lit 2003, pp. 127-142.

"Regelfolgen zwanzig Jahre nach Kripkes Wittgenstein", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 57 (2003), pp. 128-138.


Review of "Trish Glazebrook, Heidegger's Philosophy of Science. New York: Fordham University Press 2000", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (2002), pp. 300-302.

"Grenzen der Bedeutungsexplikation. Argumente für eine pragmatische Theorie der Bedeutung", in Wolfram Hogrebe (ed.): Grenzen und Grenzüberschreitungen. XIX. Deutscher Kongreß für Philosophie 23. bis 27. September 2002 in Bonn. Sektionsbeiträge, Bonn: Sinclair Press, 2002, pp. 1041-1050.

"Was besagt semantischer Holismus? Zwei Möglichkeiten der Konzeptualisierung", in Georg W. Bertram and Jasper Liptow (eds.): Holismus in der Philosophie. Ein zentrales Motiv der Gegenwartsphilosophie, Weilerswist: Velbrück 2002, pp. 41-58.

"Quantentheorie: Herausforderung an die Philosophie!", in Jürgen Audretsch (ed.): Verschränkte Welt. Faszination der Quanten, Berlin: Wiley-VCH 2002, pp. 197-217.

"The Purpose of a Normative Account of the Content of our Beliefs", in Wolfram Hinzen and Hans Rott (eds.): Belief and Meaning: Essays at the Interface, Frankfurt (Main): Hänsel-Hohenhausen 2002, pp. 183-198.

"Externalism about Content: Its Social and Its Physical Roots", Filosoficky Casopis 50 (2002), pp. 387-400 (Special issue of the Philosophical Journal of the Czech Academy on externalism, Tomás Marvan, David Mik eds.).

Brief review of "Peter Bieri, Das Handwerk der Freiheit. Über die Entdeckung des eigenen Willens. München: Hanser 2001", Gehirn und Geist 1 (2002), issue 2, p. 95.

Brief review of "Michael Pauen and Achim Stephan (eds.): Phänomenales Bewußtsein - Rückkehr zur Identitätstheorie? Paderborn: Mentis 2002", Gehirn und Geist 1 (2002), issue 3, p. 97.


"Atomism and Holism (Philosophical Aspects)" in Paul B. Baltes and Neil J. Smelser (eds.): International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Amsterdam: Elsevier 2001, Volume 2, pp.859-864.

"What can Heidegger's Being and Time Tell Today's Analytic Philosophy?", Philosophical Explorations 4 (2001), pp. 46-62.

"Lewis' Causation and Quantum Correlations", in Wolfgang Spohn, Marion Ledwig and Michael Esfeld (eds.): Current Issues in Causation, Paderborn: Mentis 2001, pp. 175-189.

"How a Social Theory of Meaning can be connected with Realism", Facta Philosophica 3 (2001), pp. 111-131.

"Review of Rae Langton, Kantian Humility. Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1998", Erkenntnis 54 (2001), pp. 399-403.

"Review of Max Kistler, Causalité et lois de la nature, Paris: Vrin 1999", Dialectica 55 (2001), pp. 181-184.

"Der Pragmatismus in der Gegenwartsphilosophie", Information Philosophie 3/2001, August 2001, pp. 24-31.

"Gonseth and Quine", Dialectica 55 (2001), pp. 199-219.

"Social Externalism and Physical Externalism about Content", in Ansgar Beckermann and Christian Nimtz (eds.): Proceedings of the fourth Congress of the Gesellschaft für analytische Philosophie, Paderborn: Mentis 2001, pp. 259-267, electronic publication.

"La normativité sociale du contenu conceptuel", Cahiers de Philosophie de l'Université de Caen 37 (2001) (La normativité), pp. 215-232, publication on CD-rom.


"Quine's Holism and Quantum Holism", Epistemologia 23 (2000), pp. 51-75.

"Das Regelfolgen-Argument für die Komplementarität naturwissenschaftlichen und hermeneutischen Wissens", prima philosophia 13 (2000), pp. 43-52.

Review of "Bernd Ludwig, Die Wiederentdeckung des Epikureischen Naturrechts. Zu Hobbes' philosophischer Entwicklung von De Cive zum Leviathan im Pariser Exil 1640-1651, Frankfurt (Main): Klostermann 1998", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 54 (2000), pp. 128-132.

"Is Quantum Indeterminism Relevant to Free Will?", Philosophia Naturalis 37 (2000), pp. 177-187.

with Martin Scheringer and Jochen Jaeger: "Transdisciplinarity and Holism - How are Different Disciplines Connected in Environmental Research?", in Rudolf Häberli, Roland W. Scholz, Alain Bill and Myrtha Welti (eds.): Transdisciplinarity: Joint Problem-Solving among Science, Technology and Society. Proceedings of the International Transdisciplinarity 2000 Conference, Workbook I: Dialogue Sessions and Idea Market, Zurich: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 2000, pp. 35-37.

"Ein Argument für sozialen Holismus und Überzeugungs-Holismus", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 54 (2000), pp. 387-407.

"Aristotle's Direct Realism in de Anima", The Review of Metaphysics 54 (2000), pp. 321-336.


"Quantum Holism and the Philosophy of Mind", Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1999), pp. 23-38.

"Holism in Cartesianism and in Today's Philosophy of Physics", Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (1999), pp. 17-36.

"Der Holismus der Quantenphysik: seine Bedeutung und seine Grenzen", Philosophia Naturalis 36 (1999), pp. 157-185.

"Wigner's View of Physical Reality. Essay review of Jagdish Mehra (ed.): The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner. Part B. Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers. Volume VI: Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses", Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30B (1999), pp. 145-154.

"Was es heißt, Überzeugungen zu haben. Argumente für den semantischen Holismus", in Winfried Löffler / Edmund Runggaldier (eds.): Akten des V. Kongresses der österreichischen Gesellschaft für Philosophie, Teil 1, Wien: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky 1999, pp. 350-354.

"Rule-Following and the Ontology of the Mind", in Uwe Meixner and Peter Simons (eds.): Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. Papers of the 22nd International Wittgenstein Symposium, Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, Vol. VII (1), Kirchberg: Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 1999, pp. 191-196.

Review of "Robert B. Brandom, Making It Explicit. Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment, Cambridge (Massachusetts): Harvard University Press 1994", Erkenntnis 51 (1999), pp. 333-346.

"Physicalism and Ontological Holism", Metaphilosophy 30 (1999), pp. 319-337.


"Holism and Analytic Philosophy", Mind 107 (1998), pp. 365-380.

"Holismus und Verbindungen zwischen der Philosophie des Geistes und der Philosophie der Physik", Conceptus 31 (1998), issue no. 79, pp. 153-174.

"Komplementarität von Rationalitätstypen? Apel und Bohr", prima philosophia 11 (1998), pp. 283-292.

"Outils analytiques pour une conception générale du holisme", in Pascal Engel (ed.): Philosophie Analytique. Cahiers de l'Université de Caen 31-32 (1997/98), Caen: Presses Universitaires de Caen, S. 37-46.


"Feldmetaphysik und Philosophie der Physik", in: Marcus Willaschek (ed.): Feld - Zeit - Kritik. Die feldtheoretische Transzendentalphilosophie von Peter Rohs in der Diskussion, Münster: Lit 1997, pp. 63-81.


"Spinoza et le holisme contemporain", in: La nature. Thèmes philosophiques. Thèmes d'actualité. Actes du XXVe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française Lausanne 25-28 août 1994, Cahiers de la Revue de Théologie et de Philosophie 18 (1996), pp. 200-204.

"Cartesianismus", "Holismus", "Komplementarität", "Subjektivität", "Substanz", "Transzendentalphilosophie", and ten further articles in Metzlers Philosophie-Lexikon, eds. Franz-Peter Burckhard and Peter Prechtl, Stuttgart: Metzler 1996.

"Review of Axel Wüstehube (ed.): Pragmatische Rationalitätstheorien, Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 1995", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 50 (1996), pp. 515-519.


"Ontischer Holismus versus methodischer Reduktionismus. Ein Widerspruch in der Naturphilosophie von Descartes und Spinoza", Philosophia Naturalis 32 (1995), pp. 71-99.


"Neue Hobbes-Literatur", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 48 (1994), pp. 270-283.


"Mechanismus und Subjektivität. Hobbes' Realitätskonzeption und die Problematik des menschlichen Selbstverständnisses in der modernen Welt", in: Allgemeine Gesellschaft für Philosophie in Deutschland (ed.): Neue Realitäten - Herausforderung der Philosophie. XVI. Deutscher Kongreß für Philosophie, Sektionsbeiträge I, Berlin: Verlag der Technischen Universität Berlin 1993, pp. 495-502.




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