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Other articles about permanent plots

A list of selected articles about long-term monitoring with permanent plots, usefulness of permanent plots and reliability of the methods used in vegetation sampling.


Archaux, F., Berges, L. & Chevalier, R. (2007) Are plant censuses carried out on small quadrats more reliable than on larger ones? Plant Ecology, 188, 179-190.

Archaux, F., Gosselin, F., Berges, L. & Chevalier, R. (2006) Effects of sampling time, species richness and observer on the exhaustiveness of plant censuses. Journal of Vegetation Science, 17, 299-306.

Bakker, J.P., Olff, H., Willems, J.H. & Zobel, M. (1996) Why do we need permanent plots in the study of long-term vegetation dynamics? Journal of Vegetation Science, 7, 147-155.

Brunet, J. & Tyler, G. (2000) Interannual variability in abundance of field layer species in a south Swedish deciduous wood. Flora, 195, 97-103.

Chen, G.K., Kery, M., Zhang, J.L. & Ma, K.P. (2009) Factors affecting detection probability in plant distribution studies. Journal of Ecology, 97, 1383-1389.

Dähler, W. (1992) Long term influence of fertilization in a Nardetum. The management of great quantities of data from permanent plots. Vegetatio, 103, 135-140.

Dähler, W. (1992) Long term influence of fertilization in a Nardetum. Results from the test plots of Dr. W. Lüdi on the Schynige Platte. Vegetatio, 103, 141-150.

Everson, C.S. & Clarke, G.P.Y. (1987) A comparison of six methods of botanical analysis in the montane grasslands of Natal. Vegetatio, 73, 47-51.

Everson, T.M., Clarke, G.P.Y. & Everson, C.S. (1990) Precision in monitoring plant species composition in montane grasslands. Vegetatio, 88, 135-141.

Floyd, D.A. & Anderson, J.E. (1987) A comparison of three methods for estimatint plant cover. Journal of Ecology, 75, 221-228.

Friedmann, B., Pauli, H., Gottfried, M. & Grabherr, G. (2011) Suitability of methods for recording species numbers and cover in alpine long-term vegetation monitoring. Phytocoenologia, 41, 143-149.

Hegg, O., Feller, U., Dähler, W. & Scherrer, C. (1992) Long term influence of fertilization in a Nardetum. Phytosociology of the pasture and nutrient contents in leave. Vegetatio, 103, 151-158.

Hellmann, J.J. & Fowler, G.W. (1999) Bias, precision, and accuracy of four measures of species richness. Ecological Applications, 9, 824-834.

Helm, D.J. & Mead, B.R. (2004) Reproductibility of vegetation cover estimates in south-central Alaska forests. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15, 33-40.

Herben, T. (1996) Permanent plots as tools for plant community ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science, 7, 195-202.

Herben, T., Krahulec, F., Hadincova, V. & Kovarova, M. (1993) Small-scale spatial dynamics of plant-species in a grassland community over 6 years. Journal of Vegetation Science, 4, 171-178.

Kennedy, K.A. & Addison, P.A. (1987) Some considerations for the use of visual estimates of plant cover in biomonitoring. Journal of Ecology, 75, 151-157.

Kercher, S.M., Frieswyk, C.B. & Zedler, J.B. (2003) Effects of sampling teams and estimation methods on the assessment of plant cover. Journal of Vegetation Science, 14, 899-906.

Kirby, K.J., Bines, T., Burn, A., MacKintosh, J., Pitkin, P. & Smith, I. (1986) Seasonal and observer differences in vascular plant records from British woodlands. Journal of Ecology, 74, 123-131.

Klimes, L. (2003) Scale-dependent variation in visual estimates of grassland plant cover. Journal of Vegetation Science, 14, 815-821.

Klimes, L., Dancak, M., Hajek, M., Jongepirova, I. & Kucera, T. (2001) Scale-dependent biases of species counts in a grassland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 12, 699-704.

Korb, J.E. & Fule, P.Z. (2008) Intra- and interannual vegetation change: Implications for long-term research. Restoration Ecology, 16, 5-11.

Kuiters, A.T., Kramer, K., Van der Hagen, H. & Schaminee, J.H.J. (2009) Plant diversity, species turnover and shifts in functional traits in coastal dune vegetation: Results from permanent plots over a 52-year period. Journal of Vegetation Science, 20, 1053-1063.

Kullman, L. (2007) Long-term geobotanical observations of climate change impacts in the Scandes of West-Central Sweden. Nordic Journal of Botany, 24, 445-467.

Leps, J. & Hadincova, V. (1992) How reliable are our vegetation analyses ? Journal of Vegetation Science, 3, 119-224.

Lüdi, W. (1940) Die Veränderungen von Dauerflächen in der Vegetation des Alpengartens Schinigeplatte innerhalb des Jahrzehnts 1928/29-1938/39. Bericht über das Geobotanische Forschungsinstitut Rübel in Zürich für das Jahr 1939, 93-148.

Lüdi, W. (1945) Besiedlung und Vegetationsentwicklungauf den jungen Seitenmoränen des grossen Aletschgletschers. Bericht über des Geobotanische Forschungsintitut Rübel in Zürich für das Jahr 1944, 35-112

Milberg, P., Bergstedt, J., Fridman, J., Odell, G. & Westerberg, L. (2008) Observer bias and random variation in vegetation monitoring data. Journal of Vegetation Science, 19, 633-644.

Nilsson, C. (1992) Increasing the reliability of vegetation analyses by using a team of 2 investigators. Journal of Vegetation Science, 3, 565-565.

Nygaard, P.H. & Odegaard, T. (1999) Sixty years of vegetation dynamics in a south boreal coniferous forest in southern Norway. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 5-16.

Peco, B., Rico, L. & Azcarate, F.M. (2009) Seed size and response to rainfall patterns in annual grasslands: 16 years of permanent plot data. Journal of Vegetation Science, 20, 8-16.

Plattner, M., Birrer, S. & Weber, D. (2004) Data quality in monitoring plant species richenss in Switzerland. Community Ecology, 5, 135-143.

Richard, J.-L. (1987) Dynamique de la végétation sur les marges glaciaires récentes de la réserve d'Aletsch (Alpes valaisannes, Suisse). 15 ans d'observations dans les placettes-témoin (1971-1986). Botanica Helvetica, 97, 265-275.

Schütz, M., Krüsi, B.O., Achermann, G. & Gramiger, H. (1998) Times-series in vegetation science - analysis and interpretation of data from individual plots - examples from the Swiss National Park. Botanica Helvetica, 108, 105-124.

Schütz, M., Krüsi, B.O. & Edwards, P.J. (2000) Succession research in the Swiss National Park. From Braun-Blanquet's permanent plots to models of long-term ecological change. Nationalpark-Forschung in der Schweiz 89. Research Council of the Swiss National Park & Swiss Federal Institute WSL, Zernez, Birmensdorf.

Scott, W.A. & Hallam, C.J. (2002) Assessing species misidentification rates through quality assurance of vegetation monitoring. Plant Ecology, 165, 101-115.

Seefeldt, S.S. & Booth, D.T. (2006) Measuring plant cover in sagebrush steppe rangelands: A comparison of methods. Environmental Management, 37, 703-711.

Spiegelberger, T., Hegg, O., Matthies, D., Hedlund, K. & Schaffner, U. (2006) Long-term effects of short-term perturbation in a subalpine grassland. Ecology, 87, 1939-1944.

Stampfli, A. (1991) Accurate determination of vegetational change in meadows by successive point quadrant analysis. Vegetatio, 96, 185-194.

Symstad, A.J., Wienk, C.L. & Thorstenson, A.D. (2008) Precision, repeatability, and efficiency of two canopy-cover estimate methods in northern Great Plains vegetation. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 61, 419-429.

van Hees, W.W.S. & Mead, B.R. (2000) Occular estimates of understory vegetation structure in a closed Picea glauca/Betula papyrifera forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11, 195-200.

Wildi, O. & Schütz, M. (2007) Scale sensitivity of synthetic long-term vegetation time series derived through overlay of short-term field records. Journal of Vegetation Science, 18, 471-478.

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