References and additional guides

Videos / audios (in French)

Le masculin, une valeur par défaut qui pose problème au cerveau (23.10.2020, RTS La Première, CQFD)

La langue française - Le féminin l'emportera (19.11.2019 - RTS La Première, Vacarme)

Pascal Gygax, Langage et féminisme (07.05.2019 – RTS La Première, Tribu)

Pascal Gygax, Pour une démasculinisation du langage (18.03.2019 – RTS La Première, La Matinale) 

Ecrire et communiquer de manière non discriminatoire (Université de Neuchâtel)

Websites (in French and in German)
Additional guides
Books (in French and in English)

Eagly, A. H. (1987). John M. MacEachran memorial lecture series; 1985. Sex differences in social behavior: A social-role interpretation. Hillsdale, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Alexandre Flückiger (Editeur), La rédaction administrative et législative inclusive - La francophonie entre impulsions et résistances, Stämpfli Verlag AG, 2019.

Pascal Gygax, Sandrine Zufferey, Ute Gabriel, Le cerveau pense-t-il au masculin?, Le Robert, 2021.

Eliane Viennot, Le langage inclusif: Pourquoi, Comment, Editions IXe, 2018.

Eliane Viennot, Non, le masculin ne l’emporte pas sur le féminin!, Editions IXe, 2014.


Bodine, A. (1975). Androcentrism in Prescriptive Grammar: Singular ‘They’, Sex-Indefinite ‘He’, and ‘He or She’. Language in Society, 4, 129–146.


Foertsch, J., & Gernsbacher, M. A. (1997). In Search of Gender Neutrality: Is Singular They a Cognitively Efficient Substitute for Generic He? Psychological Science, 8, 106–111. doi:


Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2016). Gender and linguistic sexism. In Giles, H. & Maass, A. (eds). Advances in intergroup communication (pp. 177–192). New York: Peter Lang.


Gabriel, U., Gygax, P. & Kuhn, E. (2018). Neutralising linguistic sexism: Promising but cumbersome? Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 21, 844-858. doi:


Hegarty, P.J., Mollin, S., & Foels, R. (2016). Binomial word order and social status. Advances in Intergroup Communication, 21, 119–135.


Kahneman, D., and Tversky, A. (1996). On the reality of cognitive illusions. Psychological Review, 103, 582–591. doi:


Parzuchowski, M., Bocian, K., & Gygax, P. (2016). Sizing up objects: The effect of diminutive forms on positive mood, value, and size judgments. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1452.


Slobin, D. I. (2003). Language and thought online: Cognitive consequences of linguistic relativity. In D. Gentner & S. Goldin-Meadow (Eds.), Language in mind: Advances in the study of language and thought (pp. 157–192). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Stout, J. G., & Dasgupta, N. (2011). When he doesn’t mean you: Gender-exclusive language as ostracism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 757–769.


Wyrobková, A, & Gygax, P. (2015). Human and Man side by side, Woman trapped in a different reality: Word associations in Czech. Journal of Czechoslovac Psychology, 59, 44-56.

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