Current projects

Fin de carrière professionnelle; enjeux suisse d'une situation en voie d'ébullition

Equipe de recherche : René Knüsel (Unil), Jean-Marie Le Goff (Unil), Jean-Pascal Correa (Unil), Olga Ganjour (Unil)
Durée du projet : 01.04.2014 - 31.03.2018

Ce projet de recherche tente d’appréhender la situation particulière des seniors en fin de carrière pour comprendre les difficultés particulières que ce groupe de personnes connaît depuis quelques années et anticiper les problèmes qu’il connaîtra une fois à la retraite. La démarche se fait à partir de données quantitatives recueillies dans les grandes enquêtes nationales et par une démarche qualitative.

Plus d'informations
 

Info entraide Suisse

Equipe de recherche : René Knüsel (Unil), Jürgen Stremlow (Unilu), Hakim Ben Salah (Unil), Elena Scozzari (Unil)
Durée du projet : 01.01.2015 - 30.06.2017

Recherche sur la structuration, les activités, le développement des associations suisses d’entraide autogérées en Suisse, en partenariat avec Info Entraide suisse ; mandat exécuté conjointement avec la Haute Ecole de Travail Social de Lucerne. Cette démarche menée conjointement à Lausanne et à Lucerne vise à comprendre la manière dont s’est constitué le champ de l’entraide autogérée sur l’ensemble du territoire suisse. Les travaux visent à faire un état les lieux statistiques, mais aussi à comprendre comment évoluent les associations oeuvrant dans ce domaine en Suisse.

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Pluralistic memories

Research team : Guy Elcheroth (Unil), Irène Maffi (Unil), Sandra Penic (Unil), Randa Nasser (Birzeit Université), Ramila Usoof-Thowfeek (ICES), Neloufer de Mel (ICES), Leonidas Ndayisaba (Unesco), Onesphore Baroreraho (Hope Africa). Communication officers : Nadine Nibigira (Hope Africa), Harini Dias Bandaranayke (ICES), Hamzeh Asad (Birzeit University). Doctoral researchers : Zacharia Bady (Unil), Tsering McKenzi (Unil), Sumedha Jayakody (ICES), Esther Surenthiraraj (ICES), Aloys Batungwanayo (Hope Africa), Amal Zayed (Birzeit University), Mai Albzour (Birzeit University)

Funding source : Swiss National Science Foundation 
Duration : 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016

The Pluralistic Memories Project aims to document the diversity of memories about past conflicts, to examine the processes through which war narratives become official or fall into oblivion, and to support local researchers who study collective memories in conflict-torn societies. The project brings together Burundian, Sri Lankan, Palestinian, Swiss and other international researchers from different scientific disciplines who are guided by a common question: Can the preservation of a plurality of living memories make communities more resilient in face of the exploitation of yesterday’s trauma by tomorrow’s warmongers?

Resiliences

Le projet Résiliences constitue avant tout un espace d’échange pour explorer de nouveaux concepts et développer de manière créative des idées de recherche originales. Il rassemble une dizaine des psychologues sociaux autour d’un intérêt commun pour les mécanismes de la résilience et leurs liens avec les inégalités sociales, les expériences migratoires, les conflits armés ou d’autres traumatismes collectifs. Dans l’histoire du groupe, l’enquête TRACES, réalisée en 2006 sur les expériences de guerre en ex-Yougoslavie et leur impact formateur sur une génération, a fonctionnée comme recherche fondatrice. Depuis, son journal club a fonctionné comme laboratoire d’idées qui a inspiré et accompagné des projets de recherche ambitieux comme Trajectoires en Contextes ou Mémoires Plurielles et la conception d’outils méthodologiques novateurs. A partir de 2016-17, le groupe intègre, plusieurs fois par semestre, des mémorants pour discuter de leur travail en cours et de recherches actuelles qui y sont liées.

 

Nom Fonction(s)
Bady Zacharia Doctorant FNS BadyZacharia
Ehsan Annahita Assistante diplômée EhsanAnnahita
Elcheroth Guy Maître d'enseignement et de recherche ElcherothGuy
Leko Minja Doctorante (boursière de la Confédération) LekoMinja
Penic Sandra Chercheuse FNS Senior PenicSandra
Rauschenbach Mina Chargée de cours RauschenbachMina
Sommet Nicolas Premier assistant SommetNicolas

 

Violences.ch

Research team : Lavinia Gianettoni (Unil), Véronique Jaquier Erard (Unine), Marylène Lieber (Unige), Marta Roca i Escoda (Unil), Janine Dahinden (Unine), Pauline Delage (Unil), Géraldine Brown (Unige)
Duration : 01.11.2013 - 31.10.2016

Our research group seeks (a) to further develop knowledge on violence against women in Switzerland, (b) to extend gender violence research to integrate acts perpetrated against men, and (c) to develop contextual indicators that allow examination of the gender asymmetry in male- and female-perpetrated violence. We are also interested in the institutional responses to (gender) violence against women that occur in couple or family relationships, in the workplace, and in public space.

We are currently collaborating with the French research group VIRAGE. VIRAGE is a national prevalence study that aims to examine victimization experiences occurring in various spaces (family and relationships, public space, and workplace) from a gender perspective in order to develop a typology of violence experienced by women and men.

Current projects
- Lavinia Gianettoni, Véronique Jaquier Erard, Marylène Lieber, Marta Roca i Escoda and Janine Dahinden
Prevalence survey on gender violence experiences among Swiss university students: A comparative study with the « VIRAGE University » survey in France.

- Marylène Lieber, Marta Roca i Escoda, Pauline Delage and Géraldine Brown
Emergence and reconfigurations of a public problem. Violences against women in Switzerland (1970-2012), project financed by SNSF.

Previous projects

- Véronique Jaquier Erard
The impact of polyvictimization and cumulative trauma on women’s mental health, substance abuse and use of aggression, SNF Project.

Posttraumatic stress, substance use and use of aggression associated to women’s victimization experiences, SNSF Project

 

Academic Elites in Switzerland 1910 – 2000: between Autonomy and Power

Research Team : Felix Bühlmann (Unil), André Mach (Unil),Thomas David (Unil)
Duration of project : 01.02.2013 - 31.01.2016

This research project aims to understand the evolution of the Swiss academic elites in the 20th century. The following research questions will be addressed:  a) which are the resources owned by the academic elite, the processes of acquisition of these resources and their distribution within the academic field? b) What are the relations of academic elites to other fields (political, economic, and administrative) and how have these relations evolved during the 20th century? To address these points of inquiry we will draw on a historical sample of Swiss university professors. We will collect data on relevant resources of all full professors: scientific reputation, institutional positions, social networks, international experiences and educational credentials. These data will then be analysed by an innovative combination of methods including network analysis, sequence analysis and multiple correspondence analysis. For the first time in Switzerland, this project will allow us to overcome the particularistic studies of single universities or scientific disciplines, it will enable us to understand the evolution of the academic elite in the “long durée” and to link the academic elite to leading actors in the political, administrative and economic sphere.
 

http://www.unil.ch/eliteresearch

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Alcohol dependance : comparison of alcohol use disorder with heavy use over time in a general population sample of young Swiss men

Research team : Stéphanie Baggio (Unil), Katia Iglesias  (Unine), Gerhard Gmel (CHUV), J.-B. Daeppen (CHUV), Franck Sporkert (UGF)
Duration : 01.04.2017 - 31.12.2018

This study aims to provide a reliable measure of alcohol dependence for screening and monitoring purposes at the population-based level. It will compare two classic measures (alcohol use disorder as defined in the DSM-5 and alcohol use over time) to a valid gold standard, namely a clinical interview conducted by a qualified psychologist.  These measures will also be compared to biomarkers of excessive alcohol use. Since no empirical study has yet tested their reliability, the study will fill in an important knowledge gap. This study will provide relevant insight on questions related to the measure of alcohol dependence in population-based samples.

Critical Life Events and the Dynamics of Inequality

Research team in Lausanne: Daniel Oesch (Unil), Alessandro di Nallo (Unil), Marieke Voorpostel (Fors), Oliver Lipps (Fors)

Duration: 01.02.2018 - 31.01.2021

 

This project brings together researchers from the Universities of Amsterdam, Florence (EUI), Lausanne, Oxford and Stockholm. The objective is to understand how job loss and divorce contribute to the accumulation of (dis)advantage over the life course and what mechanisms explain the (unequal) impact of these events on the population in terms of economic and subjective well-being. These heterogeneous effects of job loss and union dissolution are studied with longitudinal surveys and register data for six West European countries.

Valuation, valorisation, and visibility of the intervention model developed at the MalleyPrairie Foundation and the Ale Prevention Center

Research team : René Knüsel (Unil), Lucile Franz (Unil)
Duration : 01.01.2019 - 30.03.2020

This project uses various methods to understand and analyze joint initiatives developed over the past four decades within the Foundation, which intervenes against domestic violence. The aim is to understand the way in which different theoretical approaches and sensitivities are integrated, with emphasis on an intervention concerning all actors (men, women, and children)

Critical events and transitions in family and work and multidimensional well being

Research team: Laura Bernardi (Unil), Chiara Comolli (Unil), Marieke Voorpostel (Fors), Ariane Pailhé (Ined), Emmanuelle Cambois (Ined)

Duration: 01.02.2019 - 31.01.2021

 

Health and well-being are not equally distributed in society. WELLWAYS investigates how events and transitions in the family and employment domains, which significantly influence health and well-being, contribute to this inequality. We study individuals’  life course to understand whether and to what extent family and work-related events interact in increasing disparities in well-being in Switzerland and France.

 

The main objective of the project is to explain how some individuals have a higher risk to accumulate disadvantages along their life course resulting in lower well-being and reduced health. We use data from several large surveys conducted in Switzerland and France which include information about the development of employment and family as well as information on individual levels of well-being for longer than two decades. Examining what happens in the dimensions of work and family simultaneously, we explore to what extent disadvantages in each of the two domains are interdependent. In addition, we distinguish individuals and families with fewer resources from those who are better off, assuming that the former have cumulated  greater disadvantages and face higher risks of experiencing negative events in both of the two life domains.

 

WELLWAYS on the one hand enriches existing research by adopting a life course research perspective and using statistical modeling techniques to analyze complex survey data that track individuals' professional and family histories over time. On the other hand, it adds on knowledge on rising inequalities in health and well-being in Switzerland and France, with the aim of providing solid empirical evidence for policy recommendations turned towards improving the well-being of vulnerable groups in our societies.

The Search for Victims of Enforced Disappearances (ED): A multidisciplinary exploration of current practices

This project gathers a consortium of researchers based in Switzerland, in Colombia, in El Salvador and in the United Kingdom: 

Lisa Ott (University of Basel/swisspeace), Laurent Goetschel (swisspeace), Mina Rauschenbach (University of Lausanne, Institute of Social Sciences), Briony Jones (University of Warwick), Ana Julia Excalante et Heli Jeremias Hernandez (ProBusqueda, El Salvador), Nelson Camilo Sanchez (DeJusticia, Colombia) Alejandro Jimenez (DeJusticia, Colombia)

Project duration: 01.01.2019 – 31.12.2020

This pluridisciplinary research project explores the foundations and practical implementation of the search for victims of ED, from a legal, psychosocial and political perspective in the two case study countries of Colombia and El Salvador. Taking into account that several actors are generally involved in search efforts, including official search mechanisms, the project focuses particularly on the role of the families and civil society organizations (CSOs). Families have specific needs in the process as they are affected by ED on numerous levels. In addition to the analysis of legal frameworks and a mapping of the activities of states, one of the main objectives of the research is to gather information through qualitative interviews on the experience and perspectives of the CSOs and victims. This will allow to bring further light to the existing (but limited) scholarly knowledge on the ways in which the needs of the victims may be included in a meaningful manner and with sensitivity to their socio-cultural context. The results of the research project will prove invaluable both in terms of increasing our understanding of how search processes take place through lessons learned, and in contributing to the international standard setting process in which the team members are involved.

Géopolis - CH-1015 Lausanne
Suisse
Tel. +41 21 692 38 40
Fax +41 21 692 38 45