Completed projects

How is gender equality taucht in school ?

Research team Fassa Farinaz (Unil), Storari Chiara (Unil)


This research project examines how teachers make use of the teaching aids for gender equality education and how this is connected with their own assessments of the equality issue and with their working environment.The study uses a mixed-methods approach: 1) interviews with policy makers in education and gender equality (N=21) are carried out in order to investigate the specific situation in each canton and identify how much importance the different cantons attach to this school topic. 2) A sample of teachers and school principals in the French-speaking region of Switzerland will be surveyed by questionnaires. Interviews with teachers will complement the data and provide information on the deeper associations between values, gender equality concepts and teaching practice.


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Becoming parents

Devenir parent, donc la transition à la parentalité, marque les parcours de vie par une multitude de changements touchant autant les partenaires que leur couple : transformation de la division du travail, reconfiguration du réseau social, ajustements identitaires. Souvent, ces changements rapprochent l'organisation du couple des rôles traditionnels de père et de mère, modèle qui inclut également les inégalités de genre. Le présent ouvrage vise à comprendre les mécanismes sociaux à l’œuvre dans la manifestation des inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes au moment de la naissance de leur premier enfant dans le contexte social et institutionnel de la Suisse.

La recherche Devenir parent s’est appuyée sur une enquête réalisée en Suisse romande visant à étudier les changements dans les parcours, les modes de vie et les identités au moment de la transition à la parentalité en fonction de la situation concrète dans laquelle vivent les couples, et comment ces changements affectent les relations entre les partenaires, y compris dans le domaine professionnel. L'enquête, basée sur un dessin de panel, s'est déroulée entre fin 2005 à et mi 2009, l’échantillon initial étant composé de 231 couples qui ont été interrogés une première fois vers le quatrième mois de grossesse, la deuxième, vers la fin du premier trimestre qui suit la naissance de l'enfant et la troisième, plus de dix mois après. Des entretiens qualitatifs supplémentaires ont en outre été menés auprès d’une trentaine couples.

L’analyse de cette enquête a donné lieu à la publication d’un ouvrage : Devenir parents. Devenir inégaux, transition à la parentalité et inégalités de genre publié en 2016 aux éditions SEISMO dans la collection Questions de genre. Les chapitres ont été écrits par des chercheurs dont la plupart a participé à l’élaboration de l’enquête ainsi qu’à la collecte des données.

 

Commande  (1544 Ko)

Certains graphiques en noir et blanc de cet ouvrage sont ici publiés en couleur.

 

 

Graphiques  (222 Ko)

L’enquête devenir parent a aussi donné lieu à la publication de différents articles ainsi qu’à des mémoires de maitrise et des thèses. 

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Being a high-school teacher, what does it entail ?

Research team: FASSA Farinaz, DUBOIS Simon

This research has been mandated by the Department of Education in the Canton of Vaud (Département de la formation, de la jeunesse et de la culture) to investigate the working conditions of college teachers in the Canton, as well as to evaluate the possible influence age, different career patterns, different school cultures, and gender has on their understanding of ongoing educational reforms. The report is due to be published in October 2012. The design of this research includes both quantitative and qualitative methods: a questionnaire survey (N=528) and personal interviews (40) have been carried out. A special section of the survey consists of questions on time management in order to understand how both men and women deal with the absence of temporal boundaries that characterizes this profession.

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Research team: FASSA Farinaz, DUBOIS Simon
 

This research has been mandated by the Department of Education in the Canton of Vaud (Département de la formation, de la jeunesse et de la culture) to investigate the working conditions of college teachers in the Canton, as well as to evaluate the possible influence age, different career patterns, different school cultures, and gender has on their understanding of ongoing educational reforms. The report is due to be published in October 2012. The design of this research includes both quantitative and qualitative methods: a questionnaire survey (N=528) and personal interviews (40) have been carried out. A special section of the survey consists of questions on time management in order to understand how both men and women deal with the absence of temporal boundaries that characterizes this profession.

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Family Times

Research team : Jacques-Antoine Gauthier (Unil), Dominique Joye (Unil), Eric Widmer (Unige). Two PhD students participating in this research as part of their thesis, Gaëlle Aeby (Unil) and Pierre-Alain Roch (Unil).

Family trajectories and social networks: a configurational perspective of the life course


The Family tiMes survey focuses on important changes, but also on continuities that are specific to family, relational and occupational life courses of individuals belonging to the birth cohorts of 1950-1955 and 1970-1975. For each respective cohort, a sample of 400 individuals, representative of the Swiss residential population, has been interviewed. Ego-network and sequence analysis will be employed. This study has been developed in collaboration with Karin Wall and colleagues from the University of Lisbon. The same research design has been applied to a comparable population in Portugal in 2010 and will allow international comparisons. 


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IP15 - Research in Survey Methodology


Research team : Caroline Roberts (Unil), Dominique Joye (Unil), Guy Elcheroth (Unil), and other collaborators within LIVES


Several projects within LIVES are planning surveys of different sub-groups of the population resident in Switzerland. Though the specific focus of the planned research varies, the studies share some common methodological challenges, including:


1) Sampling ‘hard-to-reach’ populations; 
2) Risk of differential nonresponse across important sub-groups, and attrition in longitudinal studies;
 3) Collection of retrospective data - event histories and retrospective evaluations of personal well-being across the life course;
 4) Difficulties associated with conducting surveys in Switzerland: telephone under-coverage and the high cost of face-to-face interviewing, which have increased the demand for mixed mode data collection.


In this project, we aim to evaluate the impact of efforts to address these challenges on data quality. Analyzing questionnaire data alongside panel data, and data from sampling registers, the aim is to improve knowledge of how to optimize survey designs for different populations in Switzerland, focusing on the relation between data collection methods, survey errors and costs.


LIVES - Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research  
 

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Nurses at work : Ever a Nurse, Nurse Forever ?

The impact of plant closure in manufacturing on displaced worker's trajectories

Research team : Véronique Addor (HESGE), René Schwendimann (UNI Basel), Jacques-Antoine Gauthier (Unil), Adeline Paignon (HESGE), Dalit Jäckel (UNI Basel), André Jeannin (sociologue), Boris Wernli (FORS, Unil)

Funding : Fonds national Suisse de la recherche scientifique (FNS), Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occidentale Genève (HES-SO/Genève), Observatoire suisse de la santé (Obsan), Secrétariat d’Etat à la formation, à la recherche et à l’innovation (SEFRI), Office fédéral de la santé publique (OFSP)

The current nursing graduate workforce in Switzerland covers less than half of the needs and does not compensate the early departure of experienced nurses leaving their institution or even the field of nurse care.Without specific measures, this situation of workforce shortage will grow worse due to the increasing demand of care services (ageing population, chronical diseases etc.) along with a decreasing offer in the sector of care (retirement of the baby boomer nurses, low attractiveness of the nursing occupations, decreasing number of nurses educated in Switzerland).Data concerning the workforce in the health sector and about nurses in particular are incomplete. We do not know how many nurses are currently active on the labor market, as well as the volume of their participation in the nursing sector. These data are indeed essential to assess the needs in nursing workforce for 2020 and beyond.

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Plant closure

Research team : Daniel Oesch (Unil), Isabel Baumann (Unil)



This project examines the social and economic consequences of the closure of five large manufacturing plants in Switzerland for displaced workers’ lives. The question addressed is how this has affected their occupational trajectories. The empirical analysis is based on a sample of 1000 workers who fill out a questionnaire two years after plant closure. The first goal is to find out if and where these displaced workers have found a job. The second goal is to know whether plant closure was accompanied by downward social mobility in terms of occupation and earnings: were displaced workers able to maintain their living standards or did plant closure leave a durable scar? Finally, the project wishes to identify both the categories of workers that succeeded in making the transition to an equivalent job and the categories of workers that lost out from plant closure.

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PNR 60

Professional aspirations and orientations of girls and boys towards the end of compulsory school: what determinants for more equality? 

Research team : Dominique Joye (Unil), Jacques-Antoine Gauthier (Unil), Lavinia Gianettoni (Unil), Carolilna Carvalho Arruda (Unil), Dinah Gross (Unil), Edith Guilley (SRED) Elisabeth Isaeiva Moubarak Nahra (SRED), Karin Müller (SRED)

In Switzerland, the professional aspirations of girls and boys are still gender related: they are oriented according to the idea that there are male and female occupations. This research project is based on a survey among pupils in secondary schools, their parents and their teachers, and on semi-structured interviews with careers guidance counsellors and other professionals of occupational orientation. The aim is to determine the different causes of these differences – which contribute to the (re)production of gender inequalities – in order to better identify effective tools to prevent it. Our main hypothesis is that institutional – social capital and the education system, for example – along with psychosocial factors work together in the reproduction of sexual roles and identities, and contribute, in turn, to the « sexual division of occupational orientation ».
 

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REPRO

Research team : Doris Hanappi (NCCR LIVES, research associate LINES), Valérie-Anne Ryser (FORS, University Lausanne), Laura Bernardi (deputy director of the NCCR LIVES, Director of LINES), Jean-Marie LeGoff (LINES, University of Lausanne)

Employment and fertility intentions are fundamental mechanisms in the social fabric, and the relationship between them can have profound, long-term effects on a variety of institutions, including the education system, the family (childrearing, care for the elderly), and the labor market itself. In postindustrial societies, empirical evidence shows that there is a strong association between employment uncertainty and the formation and realization of fertility intentions, but this has not yet been systematically examined in the Swiss context. In this project, we examine the impact of precariousness as manifestation of such uncertainty on fertility intentions, drawing on panel data (e.g. Swiss Household Panel data). We are especially interested in the age and gender-specific effects of multiple, combined indicators of precariousness on stability or change of intentions. Our research links the study of fertility intentions and their realization to the precariousness debate paralleling recent labor market reforms, and thereby advances knowledge about the demographic response to market flexibilization and economic turbulence. Methodologically, it advances the modeling of employment uncertainty to gain a more differentiated understanding of its effects on reproductive decision-making.

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Social network and jobs

Research team : Patrick Arni (IZA Bonn), Giuliano Bonoli (IDHEAP), Rafael Lalive (HEC Unil), Daniel Oesch (Unil), Anna Von Ow (Unil), Nicolas Turtschi (IDHEAP)


 

This project is part of the LIVES-programme and empirically analyzes the role of social networks in getting a job. More precisely, it examines how networks can help the unemployed find jobs. The empirical analysis is based on a sample of all individuals newly registered as unemployed in the Canton of Vaud over a two-month period (February and March 2012). These unemployed people are asked to fill in two questionnaires on their social contacts and their job-search strategy at the very beginning and the end of their unemployment spell. Our hypothesis is that social networks not only serve as an important channel through which to leave unemployment, but also one that is not fully exploited. By shedding light on how social networks can help – or hinder – the unemployed in finding their way back into the labour market, the project aims to improve our understanding of a particularly critical transition in the life course.
 

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Resiliences

Le projet Résiliences constitue avant tout un espace d’échange pour explorer de nouveaux concepts et développer de manière créative des idées de recherche originales. Il rassemble une dizaine des psychologues sociaux autour d’un intérêt commun pour les mécanismes de la résilience et leurs liens avec les inégalités sociales, les expériences migratoires, les conflits armés ou d’autres traumatismes collectifs. Dans l’histoire du groupe, l’enquête TRACES, réalisée en 2006 sur les expériences de guerre en ex-Yougoslavie et leur impact formateur sur une génération, a fonctionnée comme recherche fondatrice. Depuis, son journal club a fonctionné comme laboratoire d’idées qui a inspiré et accompagné des projets de recherche ambitieux comme Trajectoires en Contextes  ou Mémoires Plurielles et la conception d’outils méthodologiques novateurs. A partir de 2016-17, le groupe intègre, plusieurs fois par semestre, des mémorants pour discuter de leur travail en cours et de recherches actuelles qui y sont liées.

Nom Fonction(s)
Bady Zacharia Doctorant FNS BadyZacharia
Ehsan Annahita Assistante diplômée EhsanAnnahita
Elcheroth Guy Maître d'enseignement et de recherche ElcherothGuy
Leko Minja Doctorante (boursière de la Confédération) LekoMinja
Penic Sandra Chercheuse FNS Senior PenicSandra
Rauschenbach Mina Chargée de cours RauschenbachMina
Sommet Nicolas Premier assistant SommetNicolas
TRACES - Transition to Adulthood and Collective Experiences Survey

During the last decade of the twentieth century, people in the former Yugoslavia lived through a period of dramatic social change. Traces of war and political violence remain tangible even twenty years after the most tragic events. The TRACES (for “Transition to Adulthood and Collective Experiences Survey) project investigates since 2004 how people and communities strive to meet the challenges of the aftermath of violent conflict by redefining social practices and shared worldviews. To open new avenues in social scientists abilities to reconstitute collective experiences in the former Yugoslavia and to overcome some of the limitations in our ways of looking at ethnic violence stemming from previously available data sources, a new data set has been constituted in 2006 within an SNF-funded project. Unique in its kind, the resulting dataset has two main components: first, life events calendar data from a representative sample of people across all of the former Yugoslavia (N = 3’975) and, second, extensive data on political attitudes and social worldviews from members of the 1968-1974 birth cohort (N= 2’254), who entered adulthood during the main war period. Currently, the TRACES team continues to exploit this rich dataset, to stimulate new initiatives of secondary analysis and, more generally, to broaden the study of collective identity, shared worldviews and their relation to past victimisation and current segregation in the region, by combining elite- and mass-level perspectives.

Fieldwork and methodological documentation 

Access to the survey data

Collective book presenting the main findings  

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SPACOM

The Research Group on Collective Vulnerability and Social Change is part of the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Lausanne. Its members share a common interest in the way collective calamities such as war or social crisis affect the fabric of community life. Their joint research activities organise around several core questions: What makes collective vulnerability different from the sum of individual fragilities? Why do the disruption of social practices and the spread of moral ambiguity constitute traumatic experiences in themselves? When do collective catastrophes provide an impetus for progressive social change? Which collective resources can people draw upon to resist spirals of anomie or to overcome historic legacies of violent breakdown?


Over the last decade, these questions have motivated a variety of studies in the following subfields: 


• Collective vulnerability, conflict and human rights
• Collective values, social stability and change 
• Political nationalism and ethnic violence
• Collective resistance and disobedience 
• Shared beliefs and community resilience 
• The combination of micro- and macro-level approaches


However, the Transition to Adulthood and Collective Experiences Surveys (TRACES) conducted in 2005 and 2006 across the entire region of the former Yugoslavia, with the aim to document collective exposure to violent breakdown and the impact of war on one generation, has played an outstanding role in the history of the research group. Currently, as two doctoral theses drawing on the material gathered from this project and an edited synthesis of the overall findings are in their final stages, the group is preparing its own transition and exploring ways to apply theoretical models and methodological tools yielded by previous research to new sites and phenomena.


The research group is firmly rooted in European social psychology and is guided by an understanding of social psychology as an interdisciplinary crossroad in the midst of the social sciences, rather than as a sub-discipline of psychology. The group is linked to the Lausanne Life Course and Inequality Research Centreand to the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research , ‘LIVES – Overcoming vulnerability ’. Its members are involved in a dense network of scientific collaborations with excellent international research groups. 

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