Development models based on the idea of growth have reached their limits from an environmental, social and human perspective. Moreover, the ideology according to which economic growth and technical progress are the only remedy for the various socio-ecological crises ignores the fact that six of the nine planetary limits (Rockstrom et al., 2009) are now outdated.
Facing these issues, the degrowth paradigm offers a radical critique of productivism and developmentalism (while proposing an alternative societal project that responds to the current ecological and social crisis. Mass tourism, linked to the growth of the capitalist economy, leads to the consumption of natural and societal resources and contributes to the overstepping of planetary limits. Therefore, tourism as "an engine of development and growth" (Sekulova, 2020) is a relevant entry point for thinking about and analysing this dual intention of the degrowth project.
The Summer School firstly plans to reflect on the concept of degrowth, within its critical and analytical scope. Then we will question the variations and challenges that come with it in the context of tourism areas. Finally, (alternative) local tourism development projects will be discussed from a degrowth perspective during field visits.
- Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin, F. S. I., Lambin, E., Lenton, T. M., Scheffer, M., Folke, C., Schellnhuber, H. J., Nykvist, B., de Wit, C. A., Hughes, T., van der Leeuw, S., Rodhe, H., Sörlin, S., Snyder, P. K., Costanza, R., Svedin, U., … Foley, J. (2009). Planetary Boundaries : Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity. Ecology and Society, 14(2), https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-03180-140232
- Sekulova, F. (2020). Foreword. In Tourism and Degrowth : Towards a Truly Sustainable Tourism. Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Tourism-and-Degrowth-Towards-a-Truly-Sustainable-Tourism/Fletcher-Mas-Romero-Blazquez-Salom/p/book/9780367490980