Adapted physical activity, sport and health

  • Physical deconditioning-reconditioning
  • Sedentary lifestyles, excess weight and obesity
  • Aging and loss of autonomy
  • Impairments, chronic illnesses, handicaps and disabilities
  • Discrimination, stigmatization, exclusion/positive discrimination, destigmatization, inclusion
  • Readaptation – rehabilitation – special education
  • Adaptive sport – Paralympic sport
  • Human-machine interfaces – technical/technological innovations


Adapted Physical Activities, designed to meet the needs and capabilities of people with motor, sensorial or intellectual disabilities, have developed enormously since the 1970s. Today, the field of adaptive physical activity has been enlarged to cover new groups of people (people with disabling chronic illnesses, older adults, people who are overweight or obese, etc.) while continuing to focus on preventing illness and loss of autonomy, readaptation to physical effort, rehabilitation and social integration, in addition to improving sporting performance, often through technological aids. In the 21st century’s sedentary, aging and medicalized societies, adapted physical activity is becoming an increasingly important component of public health policies.

 

Researchers working on this theme:


Institute of Sports Sciences

  • Francesca Amati – Associate professor
  • Jérôme Barral - Assistant professor
  • Aitor Fernández Menéndez – Doctoral student
  • Bengt Kayser - Full professor
  • Davide Malatesta - Assistant professor
  • Anne Marcellini - Associate professor
  • Laurent Paccaud - Doctoral student
  • Marie Simonet - Doctoral student
  • Jérôme Spring - Doctoral student
  • Barbara Uva - First assistant

 

Major publications on this research theme:

  • Lanzi S, Codecasa F, Cornacchia M, Maestrini S, Capodaglio P, Brunani A, Fanari P, Salvadori A, Malatesta D. Short-term HIIT and Fatmax training increase aerobic and metabolic fitness in men with class II and III obesity. Obesity 23: 1987–1994, 2015.
  • Marcellini A., Perera E., Rodhain A., Ferez S. (2016). Rapport au corps et engagement dans les activités physiques chez les personnes touchées par l’obésité, Revue Santé Publique, 28, 1.
  • Marcellini A. & Villoing G. (2014). Corps, Sport, Handicaps, Tome 2. Le mouvement handisport au 21ème siècle. Lectures sociologiques, Paris, Téraèdre.
  • Bø, K., Artal, R., Barakat, R., Brown, W., Davies, G. A. L., Dooley, M., Evenson, K., Haakstad, L., Henriksson-Larsen,K., Kayser, B., Kinnunen, T., Mottola, M., Nygaard, I., van Poppel, M., Stuge, B., Khan, K. (2016). Exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes: 2016 evidence summary from the IOC expert group meeting, Lausanne. Part 1—exercise in women planning pregnancy and those who are pregnant. Br J Sports Med, 50(10), 571–589. http://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096218
  • Amati F., Dubé JJ, Coen PM, Stefanovic-Racic M, Toledo FG, and Goodpaster BH, Physical Inactivity and Obesity Underlie the Insulin Resistance of Aging. Diabetes Care, 2009; 32(8): 1547-9.
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