Half-Close Vowels (Second Degree of Aperture)

| Half-Close Front Vowels | Half-Close Central Vowel | Half-Close Back Vowels

You can hear each sound by clicking on his IPA transcription.

Half-Close Central Vowel

Central vowel (half-close). In reality, this vowel (schwa) falls between the second and third degrees of aperture. This articulation is considered neutral from the point of view of lip-rounding as well (neither rounded nor unrounded).


Half-Close Back Vowels

Unrounded half-close back vowel. Warning: do not confuse this symbol (small gamma) with that of the voiced velar fricative (large gamma).

Rounded half-close back vowel.


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